Rakova Jelša 城镇公园 Rakova Jelša Town Park
发布时间:2019年12月19日        点击数量:728

Medprostor d.o.o. 事务所

Medprostor d.o.o.

项目构思始于“愿景 8(维齐耶·索 8)”展览。斯洛文尼亚卢布尔雅那市(Ljubljana)系列展览旨在对城市中被忽视的问题和逐渐消落的开放空间提出思考,该展览便是其中之一,由卢布尔雅那市建筑师协会、卢布尔雅那大学的建筑学院和生物技术学院 2 个学院的风景园林系师生主办并参与筹备。本次展览于 2012 12 月举办,位于长期丧失活力的大型城市开放空间—卢布尔雅那市重要的南北历史轴线末端,这里曾是古罗马兵营遗址列柱大街的所在地。本次展览名为“巴杰”(Barje),是卢布尔雅那市将城市中心与巴杰自然公园起点相连的重要策略之一。

2008 年,卢布尔雅那市的巴杰风景园和城市的边界区域被列为自然保护区,全部重要的鸟类与其独特的生态系统是该区域成为“自然 2000”(Natura 2000)项目的一部分并进一步保护的重要原因。巴杰风景园之前是一片沼泽地,生态系统十分脆弱,基于对这一问题的考虑,对该地区尽可能地采取微小的干预手段,并尽早地进行方案实施,这也是该区域保留原有的风貌及其丰富的动植物栖息地的原因。

Rakova Jelša 是一个新建的城镇公园。早在 19 世纪,溪流中满是小龙虾,溪流两侧为桤木林,而该公园名中的 rak 代表小龙虾,jelša 代表的是桤木。这一新的公共空间同时也是Rakova jelša街区附近唯一的公共空间。另外,这个新的公共空间以该街区为名,该场地(紧邻该镇的边界内,且恰好位于公路环线入口之前)中有众多 20 世纪 6090 年代移民者建造的非法住宅。后来,这里的房屋被合法化,该地区也逐渐发展成为一个舒适的城市社区。通过最小的干预手段使巴杰地区早期的荒废区域得以重新利用并向公众开放,在复兴巴杰的同时,区域与城市中心的联系得以重塑。

Rakova Jelša 是卢布尔雅那市巴杰风景园若干出入口中的典范。自然保护区位于城镇边缘,距市中心有 15 min 的步行距离,是一处独特而又罕见的极具潜力的区域。随着原先私有土地归还于公共使用,该区域成为新的城镇公园的公共空间,供邻近地区的居民使用,与此同时,也塑造了卢布尔雅那市的另一种开放空间的形式。

 

First ideas for the project began with the exhibition Visions 8 (Vizije SO 8), one in a series of ex-hibitions that question overlooked problems and degraded open spaces in Ljubljana. It was organized by the Association of architects of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture and Biotechnical Faculty-Department of Landscape Architecture, both members of University of Ljubljana. This exhibition took place in December 2012 and addressed a vast, degraded open space in the con-clusion of historically important axis N-S (former Cardo maximus of the Roman settlement Aemona) of Ljubljana. The exhibition was named Barje, a step from the city - proposal of a new connection between the city centre and beginnings of Ljubljansko barje Nature Park was formed.

The bordering area of Ljubljansko barje Landscape Park and Ljubljana was declared a natural preserve in 2008; all of the important bird species and an unique ecosystem were the reasons to further protect the area as a part of Natura 2000. Barje is a former moor, that has a very vulnera-ble ecosystem; respecting this, all of the interventions have to be subtle and must be done pre-cociously. This is why the project does not change the authenticity of the landscape, all of the richest plant and animal habitats are free of interventions.

The name of the newly formed town park, Rakova Jelša, derives from 1800s, where the former streams, overcrowded with crayfish and groves of alder trees (both indicators of clean environment) gave name to the wider area (rak - crayfish, jelša - alder tree). New public space is also the first and only public space of the nearby Rakova jelša neighbourhood. The new area was named after the neighbourhood, (built on the inner border of the town, right before the highway loop) that was mostly illegal built residential area of family houses, built by the immigrants in the 1960s and later in 1990s. Houses have since been legalised and the area is developing into a cosy city neighbourhood. With the new minimal intervention, formerly degraded area of Barje is given in use, open to the public anew, revived and relinked to the city centre.

Rakova Jelša is a possible template for many entry points in Ljubljansko barje Nature Park. Protected area of nature on the brink of the town, fifteen minutes of walk from the city centre is a unique and rare given possibility. With the return of formerly privatised land in public use, the new Town Park became a public space, given in use to the residents of neighbouring areas. At the same time, it is another kind of open space in Ljubljana.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

项目信息

项目名称: Rakova Jelša 城镇公园

设计单位: Medprostor d.o.o. 事务所

网站: www.medprostor.si

主创设计团队:Klara Bohinc Andra? Kerši? Martin Kruh

Aljoša Lipolt Samo Mlakar Dino Muji?

Tamara Németh Rok ?nidarši?

建设单位:卢布尔雅那市

项目地点:斯洛文尼亚卢布尔雅那市

竣工时间:2016

总占地面积:106 000 m2

项目造价:1 000 000 欧元(1 欧元 =7.753 6 人民币, 2019 7 4 日汇率)

摄影:Andra? Kerši?Tamara Németh

 

翻译:贾绿媛

校对:王晞月

编辑:祖笑艳

 

Project information

Project name: Rakova Jelša town park

Architect’s Firm: Medprostor d.o.o.

Website: www.medprostor.si

Lead Architects_Design Team: Klara Bohinc, Andra? Kerši?, Martin Kruh,

Aljoša Lipolt, Samo Mlakar, Dino Muji?, Tamara

Németh, Rok ?nidarši?

Contractor: City of Ljubljana

Project Location: Slovenia Ljubljana

Completion Year: 2016

Gross Built Area (square meters or square foot): 106, 000 m2

Cost: 1, 000, 000 €

Photo Credits: Andra? Kerši?, Tamara Németh

 

Translator: JIA Lyuyuan

Proofreader: WANG Xiyue

Editor: ZU Xiaoyan