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数字化时代背景下空间人文方法在景观史研究中的应用
何捷, 袁梦
天津大学
摘要:
本文梳理了“空间人文”的发展历程,强调了GIS应用所带来的新思路与技术发展,已经可以通过以空间化和数量化的手段对史前与历史时期自然环境与人之间的互动这类“非定量”的时空现象进行有效的分析与表述,进而从新的角度讨论“景观”和“场所”。从若干个基于GIS技术的景观史研究案例出发,就“文本与档案的标注与再现”、“景观与空间的认知描述”、“景观中所表达的社会与权力的分析”3个层面,讨论了“空间人文”带来的景观史研究的新途径。并呼应学界新近提出的“深度制图”概念,对超越GIS传统方法进行景观史的研究提出了展望。
关键词:  人文地理学  空间人文  综述  景观史  GIS  数字人文
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2017.11.0016.07
分类号:TU986
基金项目:2017年文化部重点实验室资助项目:明长城防御体系空间关系的复原与信息化展示;高等学校学科创新引智计划项目:低碳城市与建筑创新引智基地(编号B13011);国家社会科学基金重点项目:我国工业遗产保护与活化再生利用研究(编号12&ZD230)
Spatial Humanities in Landacpe History Studies in the Digital Era
HE Jie, YUAN Meng
Tianjin University
Abstract:
The research paper reviews development of "spatial humanities" as both academic concept and operational approach. Methodological and technical developments of GIS have brought a new domain. In order to discuss history of "landscape" and "place", GIS may serve as spatial and quantitative approaches for describing and analyzing "non-quantitative" spatial-temporal phenomena, such as interactions between natural environment and human beings in prehistory and historical records. Several landscape history research cases based on GIS are selected and discussed in three categories, including "mapping and visualization of text and archive", "perception and cognition of landscape and space", and "society and power derived from landscape". These cases illustrate a few new approaches based on spatial humanity paradigm. The idea of "deep mapping" proposed recently in this domain has a potential beyond traditional GIS approach in landscape history study. It will introduce new perspectives to professionals to raise innovative research questions.
Key words:  human geography  spatial humanities  literature review  landscape history  GIS  digital humanities
引用本文:何捷,袁梦.数字化时代背景下空间人文方法在景观史研究中的应用[J].风景园林,2017,24(11):16-22.
HE Jie,YUAN Meng.Spatial Humanities in Landacpe History Studies in the Digital Era[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2017, 24(11):16-22.