【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 478次   下载 81 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
因势而为:基于自然过程的小型海岛景观韧性构建与动态设计策略
王敏, 彭唤雨, 汪洁琼, 王云才
同济大学
摘要:
应对小型海岛生态脆弱且易受自然过程所引发的扰动影响,本文探讨岛屿景观营造与规划设计如何正确对待并融合自然过程所带来的扰动问题,旨在提升小型海岛生态系统整体韧性,实现岛屿可持续发展。通过演进韧性理念的引介与爬梳,本文创造性地提出以自然过程为“势”的小型海岛景观韧性构建三力机制(恢复力、适应力、变革力)及其动态设计技术路线。通过西沙鸭公岛动态景观设计探索的实证,阐明如何运用生态敏感性与受自然过程影响程度的矩阵叠合分析,进行韧性构建策略决策,通过因势而为化被动防御为主动应对,将原本被视为不利因素的自然过程融入景观规划设计中并成为特色和亮点,为小型海岛的保护发展、规划设计、建设管理提供新的思路。
关键词:  风景园林  小型海岛  自然过程  生态系统  韧性  动态设计
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2017.11.0073.07
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题“绿色基础设施生态系统服务功能提升与生态安全格局构建”(编号2017YFC0505705);国家自然青年科学基金项目“江南乡村水网空间形态优化与生态服务评价模型”(编号51508391)
Doing by Leveraging: Resilience Building and Dynamic Design for Small Island's Landscape Based on Using Natural Processes
WANG Min, PENG Huan-yu, WANG Jie-qiong, WANG Yun-cai
Tongji University
Abstract:
Since small islands are ecologically sensitive and easily influenced by natural processes, this article argues that the sustainable development of small islands rely on the building of resilience for the islands' ecosystems. This problem can be solved by how planning and design for the landscape on islands integrate with the disturbances resulting from natural process. Through a literature review on revolutionary resilience, this paper proposes a “three capacities” conceptual model (including persistence, adaptability and transformability) and a relevant dynamic design framework to build resilience for small islands. In addition, the Yagong Island in Xisha is selected as the case to demonstrate how different strategies are selected based on a matric overlapping analysis of ecological sensitiveness and natural processes. Through the dynamic design strategies inspired by Yagong Island, the natural processes are no longer considered as threats. Instead, they facilitate landscape planning and design, providing a new thinking approach to the conservation, development, planning, design, construction and management for small islands.
Key words:  landscape architecture  small island  natural process  ecosystem  resilience  dynamic design
引用本文:王敏,彭唤雨,汪洁琼,王云才.因势而为:基于自然过程的小型海岛景观韧性构建与动态设计策略[J].风景园林,2017,24(11):73-79.
WANG Min,PENG Huan-yu,WANG Jie-qiong,WANG Yun-cai.Doing by Leveraging: Resilience Building and Dynamic Design for Small Island's Landscape Based on Using Natural Processes[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2017, 24(11):73-79.