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风景园林设计媒介导论
林广思
华南理工大学
摘要:
在设计完成之前,设计的信息依赖于设计媒介的存在而存在,设计媒介和设计能力、设计行为具有密切的关系。尽管学生通过各种信息传播渠道接触到了各种设计媒介的新兴使用和表达方式,但是相当多教师对于设计媒介的类型和作用的理解不够充分,设计媒介无法有效反馈到专业教学之中。本文首先整理出风景园林设计教学中可以使用到的设计媒介,包括摄影、蒙太奇&摄影蒙太奇、草图&图解、设计图、透视图、模型、视频&动画&延时摄影、虚拟现实&增强现实&混合现实&影像现实、平面设计、写作、演讲,然后介绍它们的使用要点。作者认为,在风景园林设计的各个环节,教师可以选择适当的设计媒介进行重点训练和设计表达,培养学生的设计基本素养以及跨界从事其他专业或领域的基本能力。
关键词:  设计教育  园林教育  园林设计  设计媒介
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2017.11.0131.05
分类号:TU986
基金项目:华南理工大学研究生教育教学成果奖培育项目(教育研究类)“风景园林研究生设计研究能力培养研究” ;广东省本科高校高等教育教学改革项目“基于设计研究理论的风景园林设计教学研究与实践”;广东省学位与研究生教育改革研究项目(重点项目)“基于设计研究理论的风景园林设计学位论文选题与形式研究”
A Introduce to Landscape Design Media
LIN Guang-si
South China University of Technology
Abstract:
Before the design is finally completed, the existence of design information is relied on the existence of design media, and there is an intimate relationship among design media, design capability and design activity. Even though the students have came into contact with emerging design methods and expression of various kinds of design media through various information dissemination channel, there are still a lot of teachers who do not have enough comprehension of the types and effect of design media, so the design media cannot feed back to the professional teaching efficaciously. This article sorts out the available design media in landscape design teaching first, including photograph, montage & photomontage, sketch & analytical diagram, descriptive drawing, perspective, model, video & animation & time-lapse photography, virtual reality & augmented reality & mixed reality & cinematic reality, graphic design, writing, speech and so on, then introduce their key point of use. The author maintains that, in each part of landscape design, teachers can choose appropriate design media for key training and design expression to cultivate students' basic design quality and basic capability to engage in other professional and working area.
Key words:  design education  landscape architecture education  landscape design  design media
引用本文:林广思.风景园林设计媒介导论[J].风景园林,2017,24(11):131-135.
LIN Guang-si.A Introduce to Landscape Design Media[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2017, 24(11):131-135.