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明代浙江沿海地区卫所布局与形态特征研究
李帅, 刘旭, 郭巍
北京林业大学
摘要:
文章对明代浙江沿海地区的海防卫所进行研究,以现代高清航拍照片、历史地图以及浙江海防建设的基本史料与相关地方志等为基础,综合考量浙江沿海独特的地理环境和与卫所建置布局相关的地理条件,通过归纳其平面形态的特征,分析影响其选址布局的要素与城市基本构成元素,探求浙江沿海卫所营建的一般布局模式,进而类型化分析探索其可能的变体。研究表明在明初快速建城运动中诞生的卫所城市具有极强的共性,同时也彰显了古人营城智慧的诸多个性。这批卫所城市的营建奠定了后来浙江沿海地区的发展基础。
关键词:  风景园林  传统人居环境  建置布局  空间形态  海防卫所
DOI:
分类号:TU986
基金项目:北京林业大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目“基于美丽中国人居生态环境研究的风景园林学一流学科建设”;中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导专项资金项目“北京林业大学风景园林学”
Studies on Layout and Morphological Characteristics of Defense Forts in Zhejiang Coastal Areas in Ming Dynasty
LI Shuai, LIU Xu, GUO Wei
Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture
Abstract:
Based on modern high-definition aerial photographs, historical maps and records of Zhejiang coast defense construction and related local chronicles, this paper takes the coastal defense forts in Zhejiang coastal areas of the Ming Dynasty as the research object. It tries to introduce a comprehensive view of the unique geographical environment of Zhejiang coastal areas and the landscape related to the layout of coastal defense forts. Thus it draws up the features of the surface morphology, analyzing the factors affecting the location and inducing the basic elements of the city. It hopes to explore the general pattern and, with it, make type analysis to figure out possible variants. The study shows the coastal defense forts born in the rapid urban construction in early Ming Dynasty have distinct similarities, and highlight the wisdom of the ancients in city construction. The construction of these defense fort cities has laid the foundation for the development of coastal areas in later times.
Key words:  landscape architecture  traditional living environment  layout  spatial form  coastal defense forts
引用本文:李帅,刘旭,郭巍.明代浙江沿海地区卫所布局与形态特征研究[J].风景园林,2018,25(11):73-77.
LI Shuai,LIU Xu,GUO Wei.Studies on Layout and Morphological Characteristics of Defense Forts in Zhejiang Coastal Areas in Ming Dynasty[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2018, 25(11):73-77.