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少数民族聚落景观演变的文化驱动机制解析
张斌
华中农业大学
摘要:
少数民族聚落景观作为文化景观的一种特殊类型,其演变实质是文化的变迁。聚落景观演变的文化驱动机制有三:内化机制表现为人对聚落景观的意义认同和范式遵从;外化机制表现为人的意志外化为制度文化并对聚落景观施加影响;涵化机制解释相异文化接触交流的途径以及可能导致文化分离、整合、同化或边缘化的结果。分别对传统的和现代的少数民族聚落景观演变进行文化解析,提出基于内化机制重构意义系统,基于外化机制优化制度文化和营造真实景观,基于涵化机制弘扬文化自信与自觉,以抵御少数民族聚落景观的现代异化。
关键词:  风景园林  少数民族聚落景观  内化  外化  涵化  异化
DOI:
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“整合保护导向下的武陵山区传统聚落景观特质区划与个体识别研究”(编号 51678269);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“乡村振兴背景下分层级景观特征评估与管护规划研究”(编号 2662018YJ017)
Analysis of Culture-driven Mechanism in Evolution of Ethnic Settlement Landscape
ZHANG Bin
Huazhong Agricultural University
Abstract:
The ethnic minority settlement landscape is a special type of cultural landscape. Evolution of ethnic settlement landscape should be considered as a cultural change, whose drive mechanisms include internalization, externalization, and acculturation. The internalized mechanism explains human’s meaning identification and paradigm conformity to settlement landscape. Volition is always expressed as the regimes or stipulations of settlement landscape in the externalized mechanism. The acculturation mechanism can result in four different ways: cultural separation, integration, assimilation and marginalization. Thus, based on the cultural analysis of the evolution of traditional and modern ethnic settlement landscape, the strategies including reconstructing the meaning systems, optimizing the regimes and developing real cultural landscapes, and promoting cultural confidence and self-awareness are put forward to resist the modern alienation of ethnic minority settlement landscape in this paper.
Key words:  landscape architecture  ethnic minority settlement landscape  internalization  externalization  acculturation  alienation
引用本文:张斌.少数民族聚落景观演变的文化驱动机制解析[J].风景园林,2018,25(11):112-116.
ZHANG Bin.Analysis of Culture-driven Mechanism in Evolution of Ethnic Settlement Landscape[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2018, 25(11):112-116.