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改变景观的力量——德克·西蒙斯教授专访
采访:张博雅1, 校对:宋岩2
1.北京京都风景生态旅游设计研究院;2.荷兰代尔夫特理工大学
摘要:
在今天,我们的生存环境面临着诸多挑战,包括气候变化,生物多样性减少,可用于发展的土地资源接近上限等等。面对这些问题,前荷兰首席国家风景园林师德克·西蒙斯认为我们必须关注那些能够改变景观的力量,不管它们是水利工程、旅游业、农业还是新能源。西蒙斯在文中介绍了他的过程导向方法论的思想起点,并通过几个获奖项目阐释了他如何运用这一方法。同时特别强调对生态系统的保护和修复是这个时代最重要的议题之一,也是我们这一代人最重要的使命之一。作为风景园林师,设计结合研究是我们的有力武器。我们不能仅关注眼前工作,还需要用长远的眼光批判地看待整个城市化进程。
关键词:  景观过程  生态设计  荷兰风景园林  设计结合研究
DOI:
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基金项目:
The Powers Changing the Landscape: Interview with Professor Dirk Sijmons
Interviewer: ZHANG Boya1, Proofreader: SONG Yan2
1.Beijing Jingdufengjing Tourism Planning & Design Institute;2.Delft University of Technology
Abstract:
Our living environment is facing many challenges today, including the climate change, biodiversity loss, limited unoccupied land for development, etc. In such an era, Dirk Sijmons, former State Landscape Architect of the Netherlands, believes that we must look at the powers which can change the landscape, no matter water management, tourism, agriculture or energy transition. In this article, Sijmons introduced his starting point of this process oriented methodology, and illustrated how did he applied it in his awarded projects. He also emphasized that conservation and repair of ecosystems is one of the greatest missions of our generation. And research by design is our powerful tool. We landscape architects must look beyond property lines, and be critical about the whole urbanization process.
Key words:  landscape process  ecological design  Dutch landscape architecture  research by design
引用本文:采访:张博雅,校对:宋岩.改变景观的力量——德克·西蒙斯教授专访[J].风景园林,2019,26(1):10-21.
Interviewer: ZHANG Boya,Proofreader: SONG Yan.The Powers Changing the Landscape: Interview with Professor Dirk Sijmons[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2019, 26(1):10-21.