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21世纪初中国城市河流再生项目评述
钟誉嘉, 霍达, 吴丹子
北京林业大学
摘要:
20世纪80年代以来,中国涌现了一批河流再生项目,在推动城市发展、优化城市生态环境等多方面发挥着突出的效益。对中国2000—2020年的项目进行分析,聚焦于社会经济等背景因素在推动河流再生项目建设中的作用,针对复杂变量引入多重对应分析(MCA)模型,拓展城市河流再生研究的视野和方法。筛选中国52个河流再生项目,通过多重对应分析法,分析各因子的影响力和对应关系。结果通过时空格局关系、目标价值认知切入,揭示了以城市事件、雨洪管理、生态治理、景观提升4类驱动力为基准的河流再生项目发展趋势。为中国河流再生项目的规划设计实践和相关项目决策提供参考和建议。
关键词:  风景园林  滨河景观规划与设计  多重对应分析  河流生态修复  景观提升
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2020.08.0024.05
分类号:TU986
基金项目:北京市共建项目
Review of Chinese Urban River Regeneration Projects in the Early 21st Century
ZHONG Yujia, HUO Da, WU Danzi
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
In China, a large number of river regeneration projects have sprung up since the 1980s. They played a remarkable role in promoting city development as well as improving the urban ecological environment. This research conducts a retrospective analysis of domestic projects over the past 20 years, focusing on the role of social and economic backgrounds in promoting the river regeneration projects. It introduces the multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) model for complex variables, which expands the visions and methods of urban river regeneration researches. A total of 52 river regeneration projects are chosen to reveal the influence and corresponding relationship of various background factors through MCA. The result discloses the development trend of river regeneration projects based on the four driving forces of “city event, stormwater management, ecological restoration and landscape promotion” through the analysis of relationship of the spatial and temporal patterns and the target value cognition. It provides references and suggestions for the planning and design of domestic river regeneration projects and related projects.
Key words:  landscape architecture  riverside landscape planning and design  multiple correspondence analysis  river ecological restoration  landscape promotion
引用本文:钟誉嘉,霍达,吴丹子.21世纪初中国城市河流再生项目评述[J].风景园林,2020,27(8):24-28.
ZHONG Yujia,HUO Da,WU Danzi.Review of Chinese Urban River Regeneration Projects in the Early 21st Century[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2020, 27(8):24-28.