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健康与韧性理念下应对突发性公共卫生事件的空间规划策略
李翅
北京林业大学
摘要:
突发性公共卫生事件成为备受关注的城市重要问题,引发了对如何提升城乡人居生态环境建设质量的进一步思考。回顾公共健康与城市空间规划布局的密切关系,探讨人居环境建设的“健康城市”和“韧性城市”理念,提出了应对突发性公共卫生事件的四大空间规划策略:1)以城市与区域的国土整体空间评价为基础,构建区域冗余空间与韧性应对;2)建立以城市公园绿地、通风廊道、社区公共空间为核心的开放空间体系;3)合理布局医疗卫生设施,加强公共卫生的应急准备和规划;4)完善信息数据交互平台,构建基于社区的应急管理模式。从区域、城市、社区3个层级提出了应对公共卫生事件的规划策略体系,并提出重视社区层面的规划与管理,加强社区责任规划师制度,与社区居民共同塑造健康、安全、可持续的空间环境。
关键词:  风景园林  突发性公共卫生事件  健康城市  韧性城市  空间规划策略
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2020.08.0114.06
分类号:TU984
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(编号 51978050);北京林业大学建设世界一流学科和特色发展引导专项(编号 2019XKJS0319)
Spatial Planning Strategies for Public Health Emergency Response under the Concepts of Health and Resilience
LI Chi
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
Public health emergencies have become an important urban issue, arousing our further thinking on how to improve the quality of urban and rural living ecological environment construction. This paper reviews the close relationship between public health and urban spatial planning layout, discusses the concepts of “healthy city” and “resilient city” in the construction of human settlement environment, and puts forward four spatial planning strategies to deal with public health emergencies: 1) Building regional redundant space and resilience response based on the overall spatial evaluation of cities and regions; 2) Establishing an open space system with urban park green space, ventilation corridor and community public space as the core; 3) Laying out medical and health facilities rationally and strengthening public health emergency preparedness and planning; 4) Improving the information and data interaction platform to build a community-based emergency management model. This paper discusses the planning strategy system to deal with public health events from the three levels of region, city and community, and focuses on the planning and management at the community level, strengthening the system of community responsibility planners to build a healthy, safe and sustainable space environment together with community residents.
Key words:  landscape architecture  public health emergencies  healthy city  resilient city  spatial planning strategy
引用本文:李翅.健康与韧性理念下应对突发性公共卫生事件的空间规划策略[J].风景园林,2020,27(8):114-119.
LI Chi.Spatial Planning Strategies for Public Health Emergency Response under the Concepts of Health and Resilience[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2020, 27(8):114-119.