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“事件路径”视角下欧洲园林的现代主义特征:19世纪50年代—20世纪70年代
赵晶, 练则可, 姜昕怿
北京林业大学
摘要:
19世纪50年代—20世纪70年代,现代主义思潮涌现并影响了欧洲的园林设计,使之展现出现代主义特征,逐渐从传统走向现代。深刻解读欧洲园林现代主义特征的发展对当今的风景园林历史理论研究具有重要意义。从“事件路径”视角开展研究,以欧洲现代主义园林事件为路径,基于大量历史原始文献和专著,采用文献研究、历史研究的定性研究方法,梳理这一历史时期欧洲园林的现代主义特征与社会变革的关系,总结其风格形式的历史特征,解析园林设计理念的流变,挖掘其功能和属性转变的历史动因。归纳欧洲园林的3个现代主义特征:由繁复到简约的设计要素变化,由感性到理性的技术应用态度,由局限到开放的园林社会功能扩展。
关键词:  风景园林  现代主义  事件路径  欧洲园林  设计思潮  设计要素
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.06.0044.06
分类号:TU986
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目(编号 18YJC760146);城乡生态环境北京实验室;北京林业大学建设世界一流学科和特色发展引导专项
Modernism Features of European Gardens from the Perspective of “Event Path”: From the 1850s to 1970s
ZHAO Jing, LIAN Zeke, JIANG Xinyi
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
From the 1850s to 1970s, Modernism emerged and influenced European garden designing, making them show the characteristics of Modernism and gradually move from tradition to modernity. A deep interpretation of the development of Modernism characteristics of European gardens is of great significance to the current studies of landscape architecture historical theories. From the perspective of “event path”, this research takes European Modernism garden events as the path, and based on a large number of original historical documents and monographs, adopts the qualitative research methods of literature research and induction, to sort out and interpret the relationship between European Modernism gardens and social changes in this historical period, sum up the historical features of the styles and forms, analyze the expansion and evolution of the garden design concepts, and excavate the historical causes of the changes in the functions and attributes. It summarizes three Modernism characteristics of European gardens, which are the style change from the complex to the simple, the design concept change from naturalism to rationalism, and the garden functional expansion change from its limitation to the openness.
Key words:  landscape architecture  Modernism  event path  European gardens  design thoughts  design elements
引用本文:赵晶,练则可,姜昕怿.“事件路径”视角下欧洲园林的现代主义特征:19世纪50年代—20世纪70年代[J].风景园林,2021,28(6):44-49.
ZHAO Jing,LIAN Zeke,JIANG Xinyi.Modernism Features of European Gardens from the Perspective of “Event Path”: From the 1850s to 1970s[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(6):44-49.