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新时期乡村景观特征与景观性格的表征体系构建
王云才1, 陈照方1, 成玉宁2
1.同济大学;2.东南大学
摘要:
中国已步入生态文明建设的新时期,美丽中国和美丽乡村建设是生态文明体系构建的重要组成部分,也是生态文明理论指导下的实践载体。新时期乡村景观的内涵、构成与特征已发生深刻变化,维护乡村景观地方性特征与性格是未来乡村规划的重要途径和共同愿景,而识别与评价乡村景观特征与性格的关键在于其表征体系的构建。基于新时期乡村景观的认知,以景观C-3P理论体系为基础框架建立了一套融合时空特征的多要素、多尺度、多维度的景观特征与性格表征体系。景观要素决定了景观环境的语境特征,景观要素表征是对要素单体属性信息的直观描述;景观特征表征是融合景观空间格局、景观空间过程、景观空间感知3个维度的完整表达;景观性格表征是对各类景观特征在景观空间中相互作用所呈现出的效用与效应的典型刻画。通过对表征体系中关键指标的测度与评价可以揭示出乡村景观空间的整体特征与地方性格,以此作为乡村景观规划与管理的重要技术支撑。
关键词:  生态文明  美丽乡村建设  乡村生命共同体  乡村景观  景观特征  景观性格  景观表征
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.07.0107.07
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(编号 2019YFD1100405)
The Representation System of Rural Landscape Character and Personality in the New Era
WANG Yuncai1, CHEN Zhaofang1, CHENG Yuning2
1.Tongji University;2.Southeast University
Abstract:
China has stepped into the period of eco-civilization construction. The construction of beautiful China and beautiful countryside is an important part of the construction of ecological civilization system as well as a practical carrier guided by ecological civilization theory. In the new period, the connotation, composition and characteristics of rural landscape have undergone profound changes. Maintaining the local rural landscape character and personality is an important way and common vision of future rural planning. The key to identify and evaluate the character and personality of rural landscape lies in the construction of its representation. With the cognition of the new period rural landscape, this research tries to build a set of multi-element, multiple scales and multi-dimensional rural landscape representation system integrating space-time characteristics based on landscape C-3P theory. Landscape elements determine landscape context. Its representation is to describe the basic attribute of landscape elements. The representation of landscape character is a complete expression integrating landscape spatial pattern, landscape spatial process and landscape spatial perception. Landscape personality representation is a specific description of how the various landscape characters produce effects in landscape space. Through the measurement and evaluation of the key indicators in the representation system, the overall character and local personality of rural landscape space could be revealed, which could support for rural landscape planning and management.
Key words:  eco-civilization  beautiful countryside construction  rural life community  rural landscape  landscape character  landscape personality  landscape representation
引用本文:王云才,陈照方,成玉宁.新时期乡村景观特征与景观性格的表征体系构建[J].风景园林,2021,28(7):107-113.
WANG Yuncai,CHEN Zhaofang,CHENG Yuning.The Representation System of Rural Landscape Character and Personality in the New Era[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(7):107-113.