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“山—城”视觉互馈下山地小城市高度形态管控方法研究
杨洁1, 乔杰2
1.上海同济城市规划设计研究院有限公司;2.华中科技大学
摘要:
受山地人地关系特征影响,山地小城市常面临空间增量扩张与山水环境品质保护的双重压力。传统基于容量测算转化的高度指标控制,重在引导经济“增量”空间集聚,缺乏对城市山水生态格局的“底线”管控和“山—城”视觉互动的高度空间引导。围绕“山—城眺望体系”构建,系统分析“山望城”“城望山”两种视觉互馈模式对城市整体高度格局保护和高度空间(秩序)引导的技术要求,并转化为具体的高度指标和形态策略。选取浙南山区永嘉县中心城区总体城市设计管控为实例,通过提炼特定山水环境元素的眺望系统,建立从整体高度基准模型,到分级分区的管控机制,再到中微观高度形态修正的管控体系,系统总结生态文明建设过程中针对山地小城市空间特色、高度问题建立的高度形态管控技术方法。
关键词:  山地小城市  “山—城眺望体系”  视觉景观分析  高度形态管控
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.09.0082.08
分类号:TU984;F291.1
基金项目:
Research on Vertical Form Control Methods of Small Mountainous City under “Mountain-City” Visual Interactions
YANG Jie1, QIAO Jie2
1.Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning and Design Institute Co., Ltd;2.Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Abstract:
Influenced by the characteristics of the relationship between people and land in mountainous areas, small mountainous cities often face the dual pressures of incremental spatial expansion and protection of the landscape environmental quality. The traditional approach is based on height index control for capacity measurement to create more incremental space, which lacks the “bottom line” control to protect the urban landscape ecological pattern and form the “mountain-city” visual interactions. Focusing on the construction of the “mountain-city viewing system”, this research analyzes how the two visual mutual feedback modes, “mountain viewing city” and “city viewing mountain”, make technical requests of the city’s overall height pattern protection and height space order, to form specific height indicators and morphological strategies. Taking the central urban area of Yongjia County in the mountainous area of southern Zhejiang Province as an example, this research systematically summarizes the building height and form control technology methods specifically for small mountainous cities in ecological civilization construction, by establishing a control technology path from the overall height control model to the hierarchical control mechanism, and to the meso-micro height form correction.
Key words:  small mountainous cities  “mountain-city viewing system”  visual landscape analysis  vertical form control
引用本文:杨洁,乔杰.“山—城”视觉互馈下山地小城市高度形态管控方法研究[J].风景园林,2021,28(9):82-89.
YANG Jie,QIAO Jie.Research on Vertical Form Control Methods of Small Mountainous City under “Mountain-City” Visual Interactions[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(9):82-89.