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寒地社区绿色空间对老年人主观幸福感影响——以长春市为例
韩冰冰, 冷红
哈尔滨工业大学
摘要:
在寒地恶劣气候条件下营造舒适的城市社区绿色空间,对老年人的健康促进、生活质量和幸福感提升具有重要意义。以寒地典型城市长春市为例,通过现场调研、问卷调查和街景图像等方法识别社区绿色空间和测度老年人主观幸福感,运用结构方程模型揭示绿色空间中不同因素对老年人主观幸福感的影响程度及路径,研究解决了老年群体主观幸福感的内涵界定、寒地社区绿色空间质量与幸福感的关系测度等重要问题。研究发现:1)绿色视觉暴露对老人自评健康和情绪情感影响最大;2)最近公园距离对老年人生活满意度影响最大;3)环境维护对情绪情感影响不显著。因此在规划寒地社区绿色空间时应以资源分配合理、服务公平为原则,增加休闲和商业设施数量以提高公园绿地吸引力,增设半开敞取暖活动设施以延长老年人绿地停留时长。
关键词:  寒地社区  绿色空间  老年人  主观幸福感  自评健康  情绪情感  生活满意度  结构方程模型
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.01.0115.07
分类号:TU984
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(编号 51978192)
Influence of Community Green Space on Subjective Well-Being of the Elderly in Cold Regions: A Case Study of Changchun
HAN Bingbing, LENG Hong
Harbin Institute of Technology
Abstract:
Building comfortable urban community green space is of great significance in improving the elderly’s health, the quality of life and happiness under the harsh climate conditions in cold regions of China. This research cites the typical cold region city Changchun as an example. Through field surveys, questionnaires and street view image recognition, it identifies the content of community green space and subjective well-being of the elderly. It presents the impact extent and paths of various factors in the green space on the elderly’s subjective well-being by using the structural equation model (SEM). It solves key issues including the definition of the elderly’s subjective well-being, and the relationship between the quality of green spaces and well-being in cold region cities. The results show that: 1) The green vision exposure has the greatest impact on health of self-assessment and emotion of the elderly. 2) The shortest distance between the residence and the park has the greatest influence on the life satisfaction of the elderly. 3) The environment maintenance has no significant effect on the emotion of the elderly. Therefore, the general principle to follow in community green space planning in cold region cities should be reasonable allocation of resources and equity of services. The number of leisure and commercial facilities could be increased to enhance the attractiveness of green spaces. And semi-open heating activity facilities could be created to extend the length of staying in the green space in the cold season for the elderly.
Key words:  community in cold regions  green space  the elderly  subjective well-being  health of self-assessment  mood and emotion  life satisfaction  structural equation model (SEM)
引用本文:韩冰冰,冷红.寒地社区绿色空间对老年人主观幸福感影响——以长春市为例[J].风景园林,2022,29(1):115-121.
HAN Bingbing,LENG Hong.Influence of Community Green Space on Subjective Well-Being of the Elderly in Cold Regions: A Case Study of Changchun[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(1):115-121.