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想象的城市——南京诗词景观的塑造与网络结构
王长松, 邹文卉
北京大学
摘要:
城市作为文学书写的重要对象,被赋予一种“想象性的现实”,城市物理空间、想象性与读者认知形成了具有强大生命力的文化景观。南京入选联合国教科文组织创意城市网络的世界文学之都,充分体现了其在文学界的卓越地位。借助数字技术探索古代南京城市景观的意象维度、景观意象层级和景观意象的网络结构。研究结论包括:宋代诗词对南京景观的塑造对后世影响较大;“金陵”的书写主题维度凝聚了城市历史发展特征,“秦淮”表现出区域性的自然和人文特征;区域性的景观中以“钟山”“凤凰台”“雨花台”“玄武湖”“莫愁湖”“白鹭洲”“新亭”“鸡鸣寺”“朱雀桥”等为重要网络节点,其为南京古代诗词中的书写对象,并被赋予了多样的情愫。
关键词:  数字人文  文学地理学  诗词景观  社会网络分析  南京
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.01.0129.06
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(编号 51708028);教育部人文社科基金项目(编号 17YJCZH193);北京市社会科学基金重点项目(编号 20LSA002); 北京市社会科学基金(编号 18SRC019)
Imagined City: The Shaping and Network Structure of Nanjing Poetic Landscape
WANG Changsong, ZOU Wenhui
Peking University
Abstract:
As an important object of literary writing, cities are endowed with an “imaginative reality”. The urban physical space, imagination and readers’ cognition have shaped a cultural landscape with strong vitality. Nanjing, which is listed as a world literary capital by UNESCO Creative City Network, fully reflects its outstanding position in the literary circles. With digital technology, this research explores the image dimension, landscape image hierarchy and network structure of the landscape image of the ancient Nanjing urban landscape. It has found that the poetry of the Song Dynasty have great impacts on the shaping of the landscape of Nanjing. The writing theme dimension of “Jinling” embodied the characteristics of the urban historical development, while “Qinhuai” showed the regional natural and cultural characteristics. Among the regional landscapes, “Zhongshan Mountain”, “Phoenix Terrace”, “Rain Flower Terrace”, “Xuanwu Lake”, “Mochou Lake”, “Egret Island”, “New Pavilion”, “Jiming Temple” and “Zhuque Bridge” were important network nodes, which were the writing objects of Nanjing poetry and endowed with diversified feelings.
Key words:  digital humanities  literature geography  poetic landscape  social network analysis  Nanjing
引用本文:王长松,邹文卉.想象的城市——南京诗词景观的塑造与网络结构[J].风景园林,2022,29(1):129-134.
WANG Changsong,ZOU Wenhui.Imagined City: The Shaping and Network Structure of Nanjing Poetic Landscape[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(1):129-134.