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德国城市绿色开放空间结构质性分析方法
李梦一欣1, 黄琦2, (德)朱利安·舍费尔2
1.北京建筑大学;2.慕尼黑工业大学
摘要:
在绿色、低碳、可持续的城市空间发展需求下,风景园林师亟须全面、系统地探索城市绿色开放空间体系,以及各空间要素之间的动态关系,促进人们对蓝绿空间特征的感知与识别,进而提升城市人居环境质量。在这一背景下,德国持续展开“绿色开放空间结构”质性研究,强调通过“绿色结构分析法”对城市开放空间进行整体性把握和类型化分析。通过文献综述和质性分析方法,厘清德国绿色结构的概念和发展历程,从特征和属性角度进一步剖析绿色结构的复杂性、多元性和地方性。采用分类法和归纳法,从制图和空间类型2个层面阐释绿色结构分析法的实施路径,为后续实证研究奠定基础。借鉴德国经验,以北京市为例,对位于中心城区和石景山-永定河片区的绿色开放空间结构与类型展开质性分析。最终,从认识论、方法论和信息可视化3个层面,总结德国绿色结构分析法及其质性研究对中国城市开放空间可持续发展的启示。
关键词:  城市绿色开放空间  蓝绿空间  绿色结构  质性分析  绿色结构分析法
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.12.0012.08
分类号:TU986.6
基金项目:北京建筑大学市属高校基本科研业务费专项资金(编号 X20029)
Qualitative Analytical Method for Urban Green Open Space Structure in Germany
LI Mengyixin1, HUANG Qi2, (GER) Schäfer Julian2
1.Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture;2.Technical University of Munich
Abstract:
Given the growing demand for green, low-carbon and sustainable urban spatial development, it is imperative for landscape architects to explore the system of urban green open space and the dynamic relationship between various spatial elements in a comprehensive and systematic way, so as to promote people’s perception and identification of blue-green spatial characteristics, and further improve the quality of human settlements. In this context, a long-term qualitative research on “green open space structure” is conducted in Germany, which emphasizes the holistic grasp and typological analysis of urban green open space based on the “analytical method for green structure”. Through literature review and qualitative analysis, this research clarifies the concept and development history of green structures in Germany, and further analyzes the complexity, diversity and local identity of such green structures from the perspectives of characteristic and attribute. By means of classification and induction, the research explains the implementation approach to green structure from the two aspects of cartography and spatial type, which lays a foundation for future empirical research. Moreover, taking Beijing as an example, the research draws on the experience of Germany to conduct a qualitative analysis of the structures and types of green open spaces in the central urban area and the Shijingshan-Yongding River area. Finally, the research summarizes the implications from the analytical method for green space in Germany and the qualitative research thereon for the sustainable development of urban open spaces in China from the following three dimensions: epistemology, methodology and information visualization.
Key words:  urban green open space  blue-green space  green structure  qualitative analysis  analytical method for green structure
引用本文:李梦一欣,黄琦,(德)朱利安·舍费尔.德国城市绿色开放空间结构质性分析方法[J].风景园林,2022,29(12):12-19.
LI Mengyixin,HUANG Qi,(GER) Schäfer Julian.Qualitative Analytical Method for Urban Green Open Space Structure in Germany[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(12):12-19.