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基于使用与管理需求的深圳绿道分级分类体系构建
邵志芳1, 汪东东2, 于光宇3, 童丽娟3
1.深圳市城市管理和综合执法局;2.深圳市公园管理中心;3.深圳市城市规划设计研究院
摘要:
已有绿道分级分类体系研究主要集中于绿道“规划—建设—使用—管理—维护”全生命周期的前端,而对面向市民的精细化使用引导和面向管理者的建设维护方面关注较少。以深圳市绿道为研究对象,梳理国际和中国的绿道分级分类系统,分析其侧重点、适用面、经验和不足;运用问卷法、访谈法、实地考察法对深圳市绿道的使用需求和管理需求进行调研;结合所在地特征和管理体制,构建面向使用者、以使用难度为划分标准的分级体系,以及面向管理者、以建设强度为划分标准的分类体系。该分级分类体系的构建是对现有绿道研究体系的补充和完善,可为绿道使用和管理提供精细化指引,也可为其他城市的绿道工作提供参考和借鉴,具有理论和实践双重意义。
关键词:  绿道  绿道管理  分级分类  郊野径  碧道  深圳
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.12.0065.06
分类号:TU986
基金项目:
Building of Shenzhen Greenway Grading and Classification Systems Based on Requirements of Users and Managers
SHAO Zhifang1, WANG Dongdong2, YU Guangyu3, TONG Lijuan3
1.Urban Management Bureau of Shenzhen Municipality;2.Shenzhen Park Service;3.Urban Planning & Design Institute of Shenzhen (UPDIS)
Abstract:
Previous researches on greenway grading and classification systems mainly focus on the early stages of greenway’s whole life cycle of “planning-construction-use-management-maintenance”, while seldom paying attention to citizen-oriented use guidance and manager-oriented construction and maintenance. Taking the greenways of Shenzhen as the research object, this research first combs international and domestic greenway classification systems, and analyses their priorities, applicability, experience and deficiencies. After that, the research investigates the requirements for greenway use and management in Shenzhen by means of questionnaire, interview and fieldwork. Finally, in combination with local greenway characteristics and management system, the research builds a user-oriented greenway grading system based on use difficulty, and a manager-oriented classification system based on construction intensity. The aforesaid grading and classification systems are of both theoretical and practical significance as they can well supplement and improve existing greenway research systems, provide refined guidelines for the use and management of greenways, and offer reference for greenway-related works in other cities.
Key words:  greenway  greenway management  grading and classification  country trail  blueway  Shenzhen
引用本文:邵志芳,汪东东,于光宇,童丽娟.基于使用与管理需求的深圳绿道分级分类体系构建[J].风景园林,2022,29(12):65-70.
SHAO Zhifang,WANG Dongdong,YU Guangyu,TONG Lijuan.Building of Shenzhen Greenway Grading and Classification Systems Based on Requirements of Users and Managers[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(12):65-70.