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社区公园小气候调节与游憩服务协同性评价
葛韵宇, 刘子晴, 端木珅, 李方正
北京林业大学
摘要:
快速的城市化进程引发了热岛效应、居民游憩空间减少等一系列问题。社区公园作为中国城市高密度建成环境中的重要绿色空间形式,对于调节区域小气候环境,以及为周边居民提供游憩服务至关重要。以北京市具有代表性的社区公园马甸公园为例,首先通过背包激光雷达扫描系统完成实地现状基础信息采集;其次,采用ENVI-met软件进行小气候模拟,并通过实景要素分析和消费点评数据提取获得游憩吸引力及满意度数据,完成游憩服务评价;最后,通过耦合协调度模型进一步评价社区公园小气候调节与游憩服务协同性。基于研究结论,归纳基于小气候调节与游憩服务协同的社区公园优化策略,提出科学提升社区公园建设质量的建议。
关键词:  社区公园  小气候调节  游憩服务  协同性评价
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.12.0092.08
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(编号 51908036)
Evaluation on Synergy Between Microclimate Regulation and Recreation Services Provided by Community Parks
GE Yunyu, LIU Ziqing, DUANMU Shen, LI Fangzheng
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
The rapid urbanization process has triggered a series of problems, such as the heat-island effect and the reduction of residents’ recreational space. As an important form of green space in the high-density built-up environment of Chinese cities, community parks are vital to regulating the regional microclimate environment and providing recreation services for surrounding residents. Taking Madian Park, a representative community park in Beijing, as an example, this research first collects the basic field status information through the backpack lidar scanning system. After that, the research conducts microclimate simulation through the ENVI-met software and, through analysis of real scene elements and extraction of consumption comment data, obtains recreation attraction and satisfaction data to complete recreation service evaluation. Finally, the research further evaluates the synergy between microclimate regulation and recreation services provided by community parks through the coupling coordination degree model. Based on research conclusions, the research summarizes the optimization strategies for community parks based on the synergy between microclimate regulation and recreation services, and further puts forward suggestions for scientifically improving the construction quality of community parks.
Key words:  community park  microclimate regulation  recreation service  synergy evaluation
引用本文:葛韵宇,刘子晴,端木珅,李方正.社区公园小气候调节与游憩服务协同性评价[J].风景园林,2022,29(12):92-99.
GE Yunyu,LIU Ziqing,DUANMU Shen,LI Fangzheng.Evaluation on Synergy Between Microclimate Regulation and Recreation Services Provided by Community Parks[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(12):92-99.