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孔窍与互动—美国伯利恒钢铁厂高炉区改造设计研究
魏方
清华大学
摘要:
位于美国宾夕法尼亚州的伯利恒钢铁公司于1995年逐步停产,2003年破产。伯利恒市利用钢铁厂改造的契机,在环境污染治理的基础上,设计建设了TIF(税收增额融资)区内的高炉艺术文化园区,为游客和市民提供了纪念、参观、娱乐、休闲的空间,也为当地传统音乐节提供了新的演出场所。本文对分期建成的莱维特演艺舞台与HMT高架线性公园的景观改造方法进行研究与梳理,并对与之相关的改造方法给予理念与策略层面的分析。其中,改造后景观空间的孔窍性呈现出新与旧、传统与现代、娱乐与纪念以及不同文化形态之间共存互认的交融和并置关系;高炉区尤其是HMT栈桥的改造及导览方式注重游览者的身体感知与体验互动性,提供了知觉体验的序列与交错。文章的研究与分析旨在为当代后工业建筑与景观改造项目提供新的视角。
关键词:  后工业景观  钢铁厂  高架栈桥  孔窍性  体验互动性
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2017.11.0118.08
分类号:TU986
基金项目:
Porosity and Interaction—Research on the Renewal Design of SteelStacks Campus of Bethlehem Steel Corporation
WEI Fang
Tsinghua University
Abstract:
Bethlehem Steel Corporation in Pennsylvania gradually closed from 1995, and it bankrupted in 2003. Using the opportunity of renewing the steel plant, the investors constructed the Steelstacks Arts and Cultural Campus in the TIF (tax increment financing) district after the treatment of environmental pollution. This place provides a recreation space for the public and the community, and it also provides a new venue for the local traditional music festival. By analyzing the cases of Levitt pavilion and Hoover Mason Trestle linear park which are built by stages, this article explores and discusses the concepts and strategies of this renovation program. Explanations such as how porosities are showed, what is the relationship between juxtaposition of old and new, and how different culture combined through mutual recognition are made. The campus design, especially the HMT linear park design, paid attention to the sequence and interweaving of perceptual experiences as well as the experiential interactions. The research and analysis of this article aims to provide inspirations on new landscape typology for post-industrial sites.
Key words:  post-industrial landscape  steel company  trestle  porosity  experiential interaction
引用本文:魏方.孔窍与互动—美国伯利恒钢铁厂高炉区改造设计研究[J].风景园林,2017,24(11):118-125.
WEI Fang.Porosity and Interaction—Research on the Renewal Design of SteelStacks Campus of Bethlehem Steel Corporation[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2017, 24(11):118-125.