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空间组成对使用者行为影响之研究—以台北市大安森林公园为例
屠荆清
台湾大学
摘要:
本研究以台北市大安森林公园为研究对象,采用观察法研究,从空间组成方式入手,研究不同使用者对不同空间类型的需求。使用者的活动类型主要分为静态与动态两大类,空间组成则以空间封闭程度、景观要素为切入点,对不同的活动空间进行研究。研究表明当活动转化方向,从竞技型动态活动到休闲型动态活动,到锻炼型动态活动,到社交型静态活动,到非社交型静态活动时,空间封闭度逐渐增加。使用者人数以及类型较多的空间往往有以下特质:1)有焦点;2)收拢型的空间形态;3)有一定的开阔度;4)有一定的遮荫。景观设计是一个动态的过程,了解空间组成对使用者行为的影响,有利于景观设计者对空间配置的进一步改善,运用各种景观要素营造出更多适宜不同使用者的多功能空间。这方面的研究可运用于景观设计中,成为景观设计者的有效工具。
关键词:  空间封闭度  景观要素  使用者行为
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2017.11.0113.05
分类号:TU986
基金项目:
A Study on the Impact of Spatial Composition on User Behavior—Taking Da'an Forest Park as an Example
TU Jing-qing
Taiwan University
Abstract:
The site of this study is Da'an Forest Park in Taipei. It studies the influence of space composition on users' behavior to find different needs of different users. The user's activity types can be divided into two categories: static activities and dynamic activities. The study uses space closures, and landscape elements to study the requirement of various activities. Research findings show that different users need different space. The spatial closure degree increases gradually when the activity transformation direction is from the competitive dynamic activity to the leisure dynamic activity, to the exercise dynamic activity, to the social static activity, then to the non-social static activity. The space more people prefer may have the following characteristics: 1) have one focus; 2) space closures; 3) have a certain degree of openness; 4) have a shade. This study can help landscape designers learn more about the behavior of users and to design better.
Key words:  space closures  landscape elements  user's activity type
引用本文:屠荆清.空间组成对使用者行为影响之研究—以台北市大安森林公园为例[J].风景园林,2017,24(11):113-117.
TU Jing-qing.A Study on the Impact of Spatial Composition on User Behavior—Taking Da'an Forest Park as an Example[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2017, 24(11):113-117.