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对6个国外城市街道规划设计导则的解析——“如何规划步行友好的城市街道开放空间?”
方家,刘珺,王德,于长明
1.同济大学;2.中国城市规划设计研究院上海分院;3.北京林业大学
摘要:
本文将“如何通过街道规划设计,营建步行友好的城市开放空间环境,提高居民生活质量?”作为研究视角,抽取了6个国外城市街道规划设计导则中与“如何规划设计步行友好的城市开放空间?”密切相关的内容,根据相关导则编制的逻辑将内容进行提炼、归纳和重组。针对中国通过改善街道步行环境建设高品质城市的诉求以及相关导则中缺少对使用者需求关注的现状,提出了将需求调查纳入规划规定环节、从环境特征角度出发进行街道分类与定位、关注地域特征与集约性生态设施的环境营造方法以及提升步行道功能多样性和空间相容性的建议。
关键词:  步行友好  国外  城市街道  开放空间  规划设计
DOI:
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家青年自然科学基金项目“服务水平法在城市公园系统规划中的应用研究”(编号 51608368);国家自然科学基金项目“基于可步行性的城市绿色空间修补研究”(编号 51708030)
Analysis of Six Guidelines for Street Planning and Design in Foreign Cities: How to Plan Pedestrian-friendly Street Open Space?
FANG Jia1, LIU Jun2, WANG De3, YU Changming,4
1.Tongji University.;2.China Academy of Urban Planning & Design,Shanghai Branch.;3.Tongji University;4.Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
“How to build a pedestrian friendly urban street open space through street planning and design to improve the quality of residents’ life?” In this paper, the authors select corresponding contexts on “how to plan and design pedestrian friendly urban open space” from six foreign urban street planning guidelines. The contexts are extracted and reorganized following the Chinese guideline logic. In view of the demand of building high quality cities through improving the street environment for pedestrians, the paper puts forward to incorporate demand survey in planning regulations, classify and locate streets from the perspective of environmental characteristics, pay attention to regional characteristics and the methods of constructing environments of intensive ecological facilities, and improve the functional diversity and spatial compatibility of walkways.
Key words:  pedestrian-friendly  overseas  urban street  open space  plan and design
引用本文:方家,刘珺,王德,于长明.对6个国外城市街道规划设计导则的解析——“如何规划步行友好的城市街道开放空间?”[J].风景园林,2018,25(11):33-39.
FANG Jia,LIU Jun,WANG De,YU Changming,.Analysis of Six Guidelines for Street Planning and Design in Foreign Cities: How to Plan Pedestrian-friendly Street Open Space?[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2018, 25(11):33-39.