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基于韧性原则——以天津梅江地区某社区规划为例的社区步行景观设计策略
王峤, 臧鑫宇, 夏成艳, 朱瀚森
天津大学
摘要:
随着城市生态环境危机和自然灾害日益严重,提升城市韧性、促进城市生态系统的完善已成为当前学界的共识。社区作为城市的基本组成单元,是实现这一目标的基础;而步行景观系统的友好性应更加强调发挥其应对扰动、减轻灾害影响的能力。基于韧性原则的社区步行景观设计策略从灾害发生的时序及韧性的作用方式2方面,提出社区在生态韧性、防灾韧性、空间韧性3方面的相关策略,从而提升社区韧性,促进城市的可持续发展。
关键词:  风景园林  韧性  社区步行景观  生态  防灾  空间
DOI:
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“城市中心区空间环境适灾韧性评价及提升方法研究”(编号51608357);天津市自然科学基金“天津市中心城区适灾韧性与空间环境的耦合机理及优化设计方法研究”(编号18JCQNJC07700);住建部研究开发项目“既有城区生态扰动评价与适灾韧性提升方法研究”(编号2018-K2-026);天津市科技计划项目“韧性视角下的京津冀区域生态扰动评价及生态网络布局研究”(编号17ZLZXZF00860)
Community Pedestrian Landscape Design Strategy Based on Resilience Principle—A Case Study of a Community Planning in Tianjin Meijiang Area
WANG Qiao, ZANG Xinyu, Xia Chengyan, Zhu Hansen
Tianjin University
Abstract:
Improving urban resilience and optimizing the ecological system have become an academic consensus due to severe urban ecological crisis and natural disasters. Community, an element of a city, is the basis of urban sustainable development. Pedestrian-friendly landscape system should give priority to the ability of dealing with disturbance and mitigating disaster effects. Resilience-based pedestrian landscape design, from the perspectives of disaster temporal sequence and resilience functions, puts forward three strategies (ecological resilience, disaster-prevention resilience, and spatial resilience), to promote the integral community resilience and boost sustainable development of city.
Key words:  landscape architecture  resilience  pedestrian landscape of community  ecological  disaster-prevention  spatial
引用本文:王峤,臧鑫宇,夏成艳,朱瀚森.基于韧性原则——以天津梅江地区某社区规划为例的社区步行景观设计策略[J].风景园林,2018,25(11):40-45.
WANG Qiao,ZANG Xinyu,Xia Chengyan,Zhu Hansen.Community Pedestrian Landscape Design Strategy Based on Resilience Principle—A Case Study of a Community Planning in Tianjin Meijiang Area[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2018, 25(11):40-45.