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天然山水与田园真趣:昆明近代公园规划与建设研究
张天洁, 张玉琦
天津大学
摘要:
聚焦关注较少的西南地区,以昆明为案例,通过档案文献研究及实地考察,梳理昆明近代公园建设发展历程,分析其混杂传统与现代性的营建特点,并追溯理论来源。昆明近代公园在城市由边缘到枢纽的近代化过程中兴起,并在抗战时期构建起初步的公园绿地系统。昆明近代公园的建设传承了传统的寺观园林,充分利用天然山水,保留田园真趣,具体表现在公园选址、营建布局和重视园艺方面。同时,公园建设也受到外来文化的影响,如借鉴了日本对于“田园城市”理念的理解、劝业博览会的做法及德国分区规划等思想,其中先进人物和市政刊物起到了重要的引介作用。
关键词:  风景园林  近代公园  昆明  田园城市
DOI:
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金“文化多样性视野下天津近代公园的日常景观、历史变迁与保护策略研究”(编号 51478299);国家自然科学基金“网络视野下海内外中山公园的地方建构、景观价值感知与认同研究”(编号51778403)
Natural Landscape and Pastoral Interest: A Case Study of the Planning and Construction of Modern Parks in Kunming
ZHANG Tianjie, ZHANG Yuqi
Tianjin University.
Abstract:
This paper focuses on southwest China which has attracted little attention. Citing Kunming as a case, it carries out archival literature research and field investigation, sorts out the process of modern park construction in Kunming, and elucidates the construction characteristics featuring mixture of the tradition and modernity, and traces back to the source of theory. The modern parks of Kunming developed from the edge to the hub of the city in the process of the modernization. A preliminary park green space system was built up during the War of Resistance Against Japan. Kunming modern parks were constructed by inheriting the merits of traditional temple gardens while making full use of the natural landscape, to keep the real interest of the fields and gardens. They were specifically manifested in the selection of park locations, construction layout and emphasis on horticulture. Meanwhile, they were also subject to the influence of foreign cultures. For instance, they had borrowed from Japan’s understanding of the concept of “Garden City”, the practice of industrial expos, and the zoning planning of Germany. Among them, advanced figures and municipal publications played an important role in the introduction of the ideas.
Key words:  landscape architecture  modern park  Kunming  Garden City
引用本文:张天洁,张玉琦.天然山水与田园真趣:昆明近代公园规划与建设研究[J].风景园林,2019,26(1):101-105.
ZHANG Tianjie,ZHANG Yuqi.Natural Landscape and Pastoral Interest: A Case Study of the Planning and Construction of Modern Parks in Kunming[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2019, 26(1):101-105.