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古代城邑景观体系营建探析——以古青州城为例
王越, 林箐
北京林业大学
摘要:
在快速城镇化发展的背景下,古城保护与历史文脉传承成为研究的热点。为研究古代城邑景观体系的营建智慧,本文从风景园林视角出发,以古青州为例,通过地方志的整理、舆图改绘及ArcGIS软件辅助研究的方法,从古青州城历史沿革研究入手,将景观体系构成要素分为自然山水、人工体系及意象空间3类,并从度地、营城、理水、塑景、成境5个方面分别探讨古青州城景观体系的营建理法,得出多因影响下的城池择址,山—水—城一体的城池营建,以防洪和满足城邑生产生活为目的的水系梳理,以园林、风景名胜为依托的景观塑造以及以“八景”为核心的意境营造5个方面营建智慧。系统地梳理了古青州城景观体系的构成与特征,以期为中国其他古城历史文脉及地域特征的传承提供一定参考。
关键词:  风景园林  景观体系  古青州城  营建智慧
DOI:
分类号:TU986
基金项目:北京林业大学青年教师科学研究中长期项目“城乡生态网络构建”(编号 2015ZCQ-YL-02);北京市共建项目专项资助“城乡生态环境北京实验室”
The Construction of Ancient City Landscape System: A Case Study of Ancient Qingzhou City
WANG Yue, LIN Qing
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
In the context of rapid urbanization, the protection of ancient towns and the inheritance of historical heritage have become a focus of research. To study the construction wisdom of the ancient town landscape systems, this paper has cited the ancient Qingzhou as an example, studying the historical evolution of ancient Qingzhou in the first place, then dividing the landscape system elements into natural landscape, artificial system and image space element, and finally exploring the construction method of ancient Qingzhou landscape system in the five aspects of site selection, town construction, water system combination, landscape conformation, and artistic conception perception. By sorting out the local chronicles, selecting and re-painting the old maps, and applying the ArcGIS software-assisted research method, it proceeds from the perspective of landscape architecture, summing up the five aspects of construction wisdom of the landscape system of ancient Qingzhou, which are feature site selection under the influence of multiple factors, town construction integrating mountain-city-water system as a whole, water system construction meeting the needs of flood prevention, production and living, landscape construction on the basis of gardens and tourist attractions, and the construction of artistic conception with the “Eight Views” as the core. It has systematically sorted out the composition and characteristics of the landscape system of Qingzhou, to provide references for the inheritance of the historical heritage and geographical features in other cities of China.
Key words:  landscape architecture  landscape system  ancient Qingzhou city  construction wisdom
引用本文:王越,林箐.古代城邑景观体系营建探析——以古青州城为例[J].风景园林,2019,26(1):96-100.
WANG Yue,LIN Qing.The Construction of Ancient City Landscape System: A Case Study of Ancient Qingzhou City[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2019, 26(1):96-100.