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结合专业知识背景的城乡规划专业植物景观课程内容设计——以北京林业大学为例
李冠衡, 李慧, 董丽
北京林业大学
摘要:
园林植物是构建城市生态或区域风貌的重要内容之一,也是城乡规划从业者需要掌握的基础知识。但传统城乡规划教学体系尚未对此模块有较为完善的设置。以北京林业大学为例,从城乡规划植物景观课程的变迁和实践探索入手,结合课题项目与教学经验,不断改进课程设置。以期从城乡规划知识背景为出发点,通过对“城乡规划植物景观”课程教学组织的优化,达到加强学生对树种类型及空间分布、植物生境及生长状态、树种类型与文化背景、居民生活与优势种植、历史发展与城市变迁以及植物景观与区域风貌等方面的认知和应用能力,实现从课堂教学到实践应用的转化。
关键词:  风景园林  植物景观  城乡规划  课程改革实践
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2019.S2.0016.07
分类号:TU986
基金项目:北京市社科类项目(编号 2017ZY73);北京市共建项目(编号 2015BLUREE01);北京市科技计划项目(编号 D171100007217003,BJFU2019JY013);国家留学基金
Design of Plant Landscape Course for Urban and Rural Planning with Professional Knowledge Background——A Case Study of Beijing Forestry University
LI Guanheng, LI Hui, DONG Li
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
Landscape plant is an important content in the construction of urban ecology and regional style. They are also a basic knowledge that needs to be mastered by urban and rural planning practitioners. However, the traditional urban and rural planning teaching system has not yet had a relatively complete system setting for this module. Taking Beijing Forestry University as an example, this paper starts with the changes and practical exploration of the Urban and Rural Planning Plant Landscape course and, combining the projects and teaching experience, to continuously improve the curriculum, in order to provide assistance for the professional practice of urban and rural planning students from the perspective of plant landscape. Through the optimization of the teaching organization of the Urban and Rural Planning Plant Landscape course, students can strengthen their cognitive and application capabilities on the species types and spatial distribution, plant habitats and growth status, tree species types and cultural background, resident life and advantageous planting, historical development and urban changes and plant landscape, and achieve the transformation from classroom to practice in areas such as regional styles.
Key words:  landscape architecture  plant landscape  urban and rural planning  curriculum reform practice
引用本文:李冠衡,李慧,董丽.结合专业知识背景的城乡规划专业植物景观课程内容设计——以北京林业大学为例[J].风景园林,2019,26(S2):16-22.
LI Guanheng,LI Hui,DONG Li.Design of Plant Landscape Course for Urban and Rural Planning with Professional Knowledge Background——A Case Study of Beijing Forestry University[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2019, 26(S2):16-22.