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社会恢复性城市主义:社会导向下的城市设计原则与实践
(英)凯文·斯韦茨1, (英)詹姆斯·辛普森1, 殷雨婷1, 邵钰涵2
1.谢菲尔德大学;2.同济大学
摘要:
介绍一种社会导向的城市设计框架——社会恢复性城市主义的实际应用原则和方法。聚焦于社会、空间和物质维度在城市领域的整合,为思考城市空间结构与社会过程之间的关系提供了新的方式。从这一点来看,社会恢复性城市主义与越来越多的、倡导能够有效回应城市环境的学科理论产生了共鸣,并作出了自己的贡献。社会恢复性城市主义的特殊性在于它是基于城市领域体验维度的形成性研究,鼓励在城市环境变化过程中的包容性、参与式实践,并强调人境的互动对实现城市环境社会效益的重要性。概述了社会恢复性城市主义发展研究的几项核心内容,包括体验式景观(experiential landscape)、体验学过程(experiemic process)、MYTO(我的、你的、我们的、他们的)以及此项研究在人境研究国际协会(IAPS)的“新时代的老城市:城市设计的综合空间社会性方法”(New-Aging Cities: An Integrated Socio-Spatial Approach to Urban Design)研讨会中发表的成果,并进一步说明了这些成果是如何影响人境一体化概念的发展。这一背景促使社会恢复性城市主义逐渐发展,并在实践中应用在城市街景的社会维度——过渡性边缘和微环境。最后,基于社会空间城市主义研究中心(SsUU)的构建,提出了社会恢复性城市主义进一步发展的前景。
关键词:  社会导向性城市设计  体验性景观  人与环境的整体关系  体验学  过渡性边缘  微环境
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2020.09.0089.13
分类号:TU986
基金项目:
Socially Restorative Urbanism: Principles and Practice for Socio-Spatial Urban Design
(GBR) Kevin Thwaites1, (GBR) James Simpson1, YIN Yuting1, SHAO Yuhan2
1.University of Sheffield;2.Tongji University
Abstract:
This paper outlines the principles and means for practical application of a socio-spatial framework for urban design called Socially Restorative Urbanism. It offers new ways of thinking about the relationship between urban spatial structure and social process, focused on integration of social, spatial and material dimensions of urban realm. In this respect it aligns with and contributes towards a growing body of theoretical discourse concerned with the delivery of socially responsive urban environments. Socially Restorative Urbanism is, however, distinguishable through formative research based on experiential dimensions of urban realm, the advocating of inclusive participatory practices in processes of change in urban settings and an emphasis towards the importance of small-scale human-environment interactions to the social benefit of urban settings. The paper outlines core aspects of research underpinning development of Socially Restorative Urbanism: Experiential Landscape; experiemic process and MYTO (mine, yours, ours, theirs); and the international IAPS symposium New-aging Cities. We then move on to explain how this background has influenced development of integrated human-environment concepts that enable the Socially Restorative Urbanism ethos to translate into practical application focused on social dimensions of urban streetscapes: transitional edges and microenvironments. We conclude with a forward-facing agenda for further development of Socially Restorative Urbanism by means of the Socio-spatial Urbanism Unit (SsUU).
Key words:  socially oriented urban design  holistic human-environment relations  experiential landscape  experiemics  transitional edges  microenvironments
引用本文:(英)凯文·斯韦茨,(英)詹姆斯·辛普森,殷雨婷,邵钰涵.社会恢复性城市主义:社会导向下的城市设计原则与实践[J].风景园林,2020,27(9):89-101.
(GBR) Kevin Thwaites,(GBR) James Simpson,YIN Yuting,SHAO Yuhan.Socially Restorative Urbanism: Principles and Practice for Socio-Spatial Urban Design[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2020, 27(9):89-101.