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武汉市汉正街区历史形态演变与水环境的耦合关系研究
夏文莹, 杜雁, 王玏
华中农业大学
摘要:
研究城市历史形态与自然环境在演进中的作用关系是认知城市、保护历史风貌和地域性建设的重要基础。以武汉汉正街区为例,基于文献与场地研究,选取边界、街巷、商业中心、水利基础设施作为历史形态的四要素,按时间发展视角分析其与水环境的演变过程和耦合关系。研究发现:汉正街区历史形态和水环境经历了高度耦合—较高耦合—较高耦合—中度耦合—较低耦合的过程,在历史演进过程中要素之间存在着复杂的作用机制,对城市历史形态的形成有重要影响,城市景观特征的保护要重视发现形态要素之间的耦合关系和内在秩序。
关键词:  城市形态学  历史街区  形态演变  水环境  耦合关系
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.06.0100.07
分类号:TU984
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(编号 2662018JC041)
Research on Coupling Relationship Between Historical Morphological Evolution of Hanzheng District and Water Environment in Wuhan
XIA Wenying, DU Yan, WANG Le
Huazhong Agriculture University
Abstract:
The study of the relationship between the urban historical form and the natural environment in the formation and evolution is an important basis to understand a city, and protect its historical features and regional development. Taking Hanzheng District of Wuhan City as an example, this research collects historical literature and field surveys, and selects the boundary, streets and alleys, business center, and water infrastructure as the four elements of the urban historical form. It then analyzes the evolution process and coupling relationship with the water environment from the perspective of historical development. It finds out that the coupling relationship between the historical form and the water environment of Hanzheng District has experienced the phases of extremely high, relatively high, relatively high, moderate and low. It indicates that there exists a complex mechanism among the elements of the urban historical form in the evolution, which is important to the formation and evolution of cities. The protection of urban landscape features should emphasize the discovery of the coupling relationship and internal order among the morphological elements.
Key words:  urban morphology  historic districts  morphological evolution  water environment  coupling relationship
引用本文:夏文莹,杜雁,王玏.武汉市汉正街区历史形态演变与水环境的耦合关系研究[J].风景园林,2021,28(6):100-106.
XIA Wenying,DU Yan,WANG Le.Research on Coupling Relationship Between Historical Morphological Evolution of Hanzheng District and Water Environment in Wuhan[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(6):100-106.