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明长城宁夏镇军事聚落分布与选址研究
段诗乐, 林箐
北京林业大学
摘要:
宁夏镇的明长城军事聚落奠定了今宁夏回族自治区中北部城镇的发展基础。通过史料分析与实地踏勘,对宁夏镇军事聚落的层级构建与分类、总体分布规律、选址类型及其特征等展开研究。研究表明:宁夏镇军事聚落具有镇、卫、所、堡4级层次,可分为中心聚落、沿边军堡和腹地屯堡3类;聚落总体分布受军事战略与屯田开发的影响,表现出分路与分层的规律,屯堡分布则受灌渠制约;聚落选址以安全因素为主导,与地形、地貌密切相关。从军镇–聚落2个尺度对宁夏镇军事聚落展开研究,丰富了明长城军事聚落的研究内涵,对宁夏地区的城乡规划与古城遗址保护方面具有重要意义。
关键词:  风景园林  明长城  宁夏镇  聚落层级  空间分布  选址特征
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.06.0107.07
分类号:TU982.2
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(编号 BLX201943)
Research on the Distribution and Site Selection of Military Settlements of the Ming Great Wall in Ningxia Military Town
DUAN Shile, LIN Qing
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
The military settlements of the Ming Great Wall in Ningxia Military Town (Zhen) laid the foundation for the development of the towns in the middle and north of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region today. Based on the analysis of historical data and field surveys, this research studies the hierarchical construction and classification, general distribution, site selection types and characteristics of military settlements in Ningxia Military Town. The results show that the military settlements can be divided into the four levels of “Zhen-Wei-Suo-Bao”, and three types, including central town, border military fort and hinterland military outpost. The distribution of settlements is affected by the military strategies and development of rural areas by garrison troops, which shows the laws of division and stratification, while the distribution of military outposts is restricted by irrigation channels. The location of settlements is dominated by safety factors and closely related to the topography and landform. This research studies the military settlements of Ningxia Military Town from the two dimensions of military town and settlements, which enriches the research connotation of the military settlements of the Ming Great Wall, and is of great significance in urban and rural planning and ancient city site protection in Ningxia.
Key words:  landscape architecture  the Ming Great Wall  Ningxia Military Town  settlement hierarchy  spatial distribution  location characteristics
引用本文:段诗乐,林箐.明长城宁夏镇军事聚落分布与选址研究[J].风景园林,2021,28(6):107-113.
DUAN Shile,LIN Qing.Research on the Distribution and Site Selection of Military Settlements of the Ming Great Wall in Ningxia Military Town[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(6):107-113.