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诗情画意,天人合一:韩国潇洒园理水意匠研究
于东明, 刘兵
山东农业大学
摘要:
潇洒园(韩语:소쇄원)是朝鲜中期文人梁山甫隐居的墅园,是韩国代表性古典园林之一,因地制宜、寄情山水、情景交融是其典型造园手法。基于《潇洒园四十八咏》和实地考察,在概述该园空间布局的基础上,对其独特的理水意匠,即水的源尾、形态、动静、生态、声景及意蕴等方面加以分析,最终实现生境、画境与意境的完美融合,以期为园林中的水景营造及景观维护提供案例借鉴。
关键词:  文人园林  别墅园  图咏  理水  潇洒园  朝鲜中期
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.06.0121.06
分类号:TU986.1
基金项目:山东省艺术科学重点课题(编号 ZD201906303)
An Idyllic Picture of Harmony Between Man and Nature: Research on Waterscape Design and Construction in Soswaewon, South Korea
YU Dongming, LIU Bing
Shandong Agricultural University
Abstract:
Soswaewon was the seclusion villa garden of Liang Shanfu, a scholar in the mid-Joseon Dynasty and a representative classical garden in South Korea. It was built with typical gardening techniques to adapt to the local conditions, express feelings with mountains and waters ( Shan Shui ) and blend feelings and scenes. According to 48 Pictorial Odes to Soswaewon and field surveys, this research summarizes the spatial layout of the garden, and analyzes the unique waterscape design and construction ideas from the aspects of water source and tail, shape, water dynamics, ecology, soundscape, and implications. A perfect integration of ecologic, artistic and meaningful landscape was finally created. It provides a case for reference in the waterscape construction and maintenance of gardens.
Key words:  literati garden  villa garden  pictorial ode  waterscape design  Soswaewon  Mid-Joseon Dynasty
引用本文:于东明,刘兵.诗情画意,天人合一:韩国潇洒园理水意匠研究[J].风景园林,2021,28(6):121-126.
YU Dongming,LIU Bing.An Idyllic Picture of Harmony Between Man and Nature: Research on Waterscape Design and Construction in Soswaewon, South Korea[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(6):121-126.