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渗透与显现:透明性视野下景观真实空间与意识空间的二元辨析
赵爽1, 吴丹子1, 周琨2
1.北京林业大学;2.北京北林地景园林规划设计院有限责任公司
摘要:
“透明性”作为建筑学科中审视空间品质的独特视野,源于立体主义绘画。当其置于风景园林学科语境下时,尝试回溯并拆分“透明性”英译形容词“transparent”,提出“渗透”(trans-)到“显现”(意大利语:parere)的二元辨析解读视角,并以真实空间与意识空间的完形倾向来剖析其引申义:论证“渗透”是外在真实空间相交叠的渗透,具有层化性、消融性、离散及不确定性;“显现”是由渗透空间引发的内在意识空间的显现,其核心是层叠空间渗透作用下引发的意识空间的完形补足,因而探寻景观真实空间与意识空间的“透明性”是一种过程品质。进而,在当今风景园林全球化的时代背景下审视透明性的“渗透与显现”,它作为从景观真实空间走向意识空间的新视野,蕴含了空间体验、精神共鸣、意境升华的潜在意义。从而揭示透明性视野具有从西方到东方、古典到现代、抽象到移情的更为广泛的适用性价值,引发人与自然的共鸣。
关键词:  风景园林  透明性  渗透  显现  意识空间  完形心理学
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.06.0114.07
分类号:TU986
基金项目:北京林业大学建设世界一流学科和特色发展引导专项资金(编号 2019XKJS0317)
Infiltrate and Appear: Binary Discrimination of Landscape Realistic Space and Consciousness Space from the Transparency Perspective
ZHAO Shuang1, WU Danzi1, ZHOU Kun2
1.Beijing Forestry University;2.Beijing BLDJ Landscape Architecture Institute Co., Ltd.
Abstract:
As a unique perspective of the architectural discipline to examine the quality of space, “transparency” originates from cubism painting. When placed in the context of the discipline of landscape architecture, it tries to trace back and separate the adjective “transparent” to “trans-” and “parere”, proposes a binary perspective from “infiltrate” to “appear”, and analyze its extended meaning with the Gestalt tendency of realistic space and consciousness space: to prove that “infiltrate” is the infiltration of the external realistic space, which with spatial stratification, spatial ablation and indeterminacy; while “appear” is the appearance of the inner consciousness space. The core is the complete complement of consciousness space triggered by the infiltration of layered space. Exploring the “transparency” of the landscape realistic space and the consciousness space is a process quality. In the context of the globalization of landscape architecture, the “transparency” is examined as a new vision from the realistic space of the landscape to the conscious space, which implies space experience, spiritual resonance and sublimation of artistic conception. It thus reveals the universal value of transparency from the West to the East, the classical to the avant-garde, the abstract to the empathy, and resonates with people and nature.
Key words:  landscape architecture  transparency  infiltrate  appear  consciousness space  Gestalt psychology
引用本文:赵爽,吴丹子,周琨.渗透与显现:透明性视野下景观真实空间与意识空间的二元辨析[J].风景园林,2021,28(6):114-120.
ZHAO Shuang,WU Danzi,ZHOU Kun.Infiltrate and Appear: Binary Discrimination of Landscape Realistic Space and Consciousness Space from the Transparency Perspective[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(6):114-120.