【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 1333次   下载 584 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
韧性视角下大运河沿线水陆交通网络与城市的耦合演变
汪芳, 胡文颖, 高晨舸
北京大学
摘要:
河流水系、交通网络与城镇聚落的发展、演化的相关性是区域系统韧性研究中的重要切入点。京杭大运河在历史上扮演了南北交通大动脉的角色,带动并影响了沿线城市的发展。通过历史文献分析,利用核密度分析、缓冲区分析等地理信息空间分析方法,对清中后期以来不同时期运河沿线城市聚落及南北水陆交通网络空间分布特征、演化过程、耦合关系及相互作用机制进行探究。随着区域自然环境、行政区划等要素的演化以及现代高速交通网络的建设与发展,大运河与沿线交通网络及城市聚落之间的演化过程表现出双向选择、协同发展的动态关系。由此,将运河沿线城市归纳为5种类型:相互促进型、自身优势型、交通驱动型、运河依赖型和新兴交通型。在演化过程中,韧性成为运河沿线城市顺利优化转型并融入新的区域发展体系、重塑城市新生的关键属性。
关键词:  京杭大运河  区域韧性  交通网络  城市聚落  区域变迁
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.07.0031.08
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金委中德科学中心项目(编号 GZ1457,GZ1201)
The Coupling and Evolution of Water and Land Transportation Network and Urban Settlements along the Grand Canal from the Perspective of Resilience
WANG Fang, HU Wenying, GAO Chen’ge
Peking University
Abstract:
The correlation between river system, transportation network and the development and evolution of urban settlements is an important point to the study of regional system resilience. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal has played the role of North-South transportation artery in history, which has driven and affected the development of cities along the canal. Based on the analysis of historical literature and the use of geographic information spatial analysis tools, this research explores the spatial distribution characteristics, evolution process, coupling relationship and interaction mechanism of urban settlements along the canal and water and land transportation network in different periods since the middle and late Qing Dynasty. With the change of regional natural environment and administrative division, and the construction and development of modern high-speed transportation network, the evolution process between the Grand Canal and the transportation network and urban settlements along the Canal presents a dynamic relationship of bilateral selection and coordinated development. According to the relationship, the settlements along the canal can be divided into five types: mutual-promotion, self-superiority, traffic-driven, canal-dependent and new-traffic. In the process of evolution, resilience has become the core element of the smooth optimization and transformation of the cities along the canal, integrating into the new regional development system and reshaping the new life.
Key words:  Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal  regional resilience  transportation network  urban settlement  regional evolution
引用本文:汪芳,胡文颖,高晨舸.韧性视角下大运河沿线水陆交通网络与城市的耦合演变[J].风景园林,2021,28(7):31-38.
WANG Fang,HU Wenying,GAO Chen’ge.The Coupling and Evolution of Water and Land Transportation Network and Urban Settlements along the Grand Canal from the Perspective of Resilience[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(7):31-38.