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“水利—风景”视野下古代陂湖的风景体系及典型特征
王晞月, 王向荣
北京林业大学
摘要:
陂湖是中国传统陂塘水利系统中承担调蓄功能且具有一定蓄容量的水体单元。基于水源调蓄的功能需求,历史上的陂湖空间及其所形成的风景具有一些相似的识别特征,形成一类具有代表性的、可区别于其他湖泊风景的“水利–风景”范型,并且对许多历史城市的景观结构和风貌具有一定的塑造作用。以历史留存的关于陂湖空间与风景的描绘为依据,通过解析陂湖调蓄系统的功能单元和空间结构特征,将陂湖风景体系大致分为自然环境基底、功能系统单元、风景游赏空间、世俗教化空间、人居聚落与生产生活5个层面,归纳了陂湖风景体系的基本结构和风景特征。对于陂湖“水利–风景”双重属性的挖掘能够帮助理解古代人居环境中景观空间实用性与艺术性的辩证关系,同时为古代水利风景的再阐释和人居营建逻辑的探究提供线索。
关键词:  风景园林  人居环境  “水利 – 风景”  陂湖  历史风景  风景体系
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.08.0074.06
分类号:TU986
基金项目:
The Landscape System and Characteristics of Ancient Impounding Lake from the “Water Conservancy-Landscape” Perspective
WANG Xiyue, WANG Xiangrong
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
Impounding lake is a category of water body unit with certain storage capacity in traditional water conservancy system in China. Based on the functional requirements of water storage, the lake space and its landscape in history have some similar identification characteristics, forming a representative “water conservancy landscape” paradigm and an independent type which can be distinguished from other lake landscapes, and has a certain role in shaping the landscape structure and style of many historical cities. Based on the historical description of the space structure and landscape of the lake, and by analyzing the functional units and spatial characteristics of the lake functional regulation and storage system, this research outlines the lake landscape system, which covers five aspects: the natural environmental base, the regulation system units, the scenic recreational space, the secular and religious indoctrination space and human settlements and the production life. The basic structural and landscape feature of the lake landscape system are summarized. The exploration of the dual attributes of its “water conservancy–landscape” can help us understand the dialectical relationship between practicality and artistry of landscape space in ancient living environment, and provide clues for the reinterpretation of ancient water conservancy landscape and the logic exploration of human settlements construction.
Key words:  landscape architecture  living environment  “water conservancy-landscape”  impounding lake  historical landscape  landscape system
引用本文:王晞月,王向荣.“水利—风景”视野下古代陂湖的风景体系及典型特征[J].风景园林,2021,28(8):74-79.
WANG Xiyue,WANG Xiangrong.The Landscape System and Characteristics of Ancient Impounding Lake from the “Water Conservancy-Landscape” Perspective[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(8):74-79.