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公共空间治理下上海社区规划师制度研究
毛键源, 孙彤宇, 刘悦来, 王润娴
同济大学
摘要:
城市公共空间承载着复杂的多方利益相关者诉求,亟须构建多方协同的空间治理机制。针对当下中国社区更新中缺乏长效空间治理制度的问题,上海市率先探索社区规划师制度,尝试构建一种多方协同的社区公共空间治理机制。以上海杨浦区、浦东新区、徐汇区的社区规划师制度为例,首先综述全球各国社区规划师的公众参与制度探索,阐述上海社区规划师制度的社会治理现代化和社区参与式更新的双重创立语境,及其“政府主导、公众参与”的理念;其次重点分析杨浦区、浦东新区和徐汇区各自制度特征及成果;最后从管理体制、组织构架和内容实施3个层面归纳并提出当下上海社区规划师制度的公共空间治理机制,展望下一步的发展愿景。
关键词:  公共空间  社区规划师  空间治理  微更新  社区更新  社区营造  公众参与
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.09.0031.05
分类号:TU986.2
基金项目:
Research on Shanghai Community Planner System under the Governance of Public Space
MAO Jianyuan, SUN Tongyu, LIU Yuelai, WANG Runxian
Tongji University
Abstract:
Urban public space bears complex demands of multi-stakeholders, so it is urgent to build a multi-stakeholder coordinated spatial governance mechanism. In view of the lack of long-term spatial governance system in the current community renewal in China, Shanghai has taken the lead in exploring the community planner system, trying to build a multi-coordinated sustainable community development mechanism. Taking the community planner system in Yangpu, Pudong and Xuhui districts of Shanghai as examples, this research firstly reviews the construction of the public participation system of community planners around the world, and elaborates the dual establishment context of social governance modernization and community participatory renewal of the community planner system in Shanghai, and the idea of “government-led and public participation”. Then it focuses on the analysis of the system characteristics and achievements of Yangpu, Pudong and Xuhui Districts respectively. Finally, it summarizes and puts forward the current public space governance mechanism of Shanghai community planner system from the aspects of management system, organizational structure and content implementation, and looks ahead to the next development vision.
Key words:  public space  community planner  space governance  micro-regeneration  community renewal  community empowerment  public participation
引用本文:毛键源,孙彤宇,刘悦来,王润娴.公共空间治理下上海社区规划师制度研究[J].风景园林,2021,28(9):31-35.
MAO Jianyuan,SUN Tongyu,LIU Yuelai,WANG Runxian.Research on Shanghai Community Planner System under the Governance of Public Space[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(9):31-35.