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参与式社区更新中的利益相关方特征和互动研究——以广州泮塘五约为例
陆熹, (德)埃卡特·兰格
谢菲尔德大学
摘要:
在社区更新改造的过程中深入了解利益相关方的特征及其互动关系,对于促进社区共识的达成以及优化更新效果至关重要。与以往对社区更新利益相关方的分析研究所采用的描述性方法不同,以“影响力–利益”及“行动者–关系”网络为基础,通过参与式观察、问卷调查和半结构化访谈等混合研究方式收集数据,系统分析泮塘五约微改造项目中的利益相关方的社会网络。研究分为3个步骤:1)将145名利益相关方归类为14个组别;2)分析利益相关方的影响力、利益和参与程度等特征;3)研究不同利益相关方群体之间的沟通和互动关系。结果表明:参与式微改造有利于社区共同价值取向的建立,可推进利益相关方的积极互动;肯定了社区规划师与设计师、宗族代表、相关政府部门和新闻媒体在社会网络中的信息传递作用。针对老年人、女性、教育程度较低的人群以及其他影响力较低的社会群体在参与式规划活动中所处的边缘化地位问题,应重视采取更具包容性的参与方式来开展工作。研究结果对于参与式社区更新实践具有借鉴意义。
关键词:  社区更新  利益相关方参与  “影响力 – 利益”矩阵  “行动者 – 关系”网络  泮塘五约  社区规划
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.09.0024.07
分类号:TU984.11+4
基金项目:国家留学基金委和英国谢菲尔德大学合作奖学金(编号 201706090252);2021 年度国际城市与规划研究基金会奖学金;牛顿基金、英国工程和自然科学研究委员会研究项目(编号 P/R024979/1)
Stakeholder Characteristics and Interactions in a Participatory Community Renewal Project: A Case Study of Pun Tong Wuyue Village, Guangzhou
LU Xi, (DEU) Eckart Lange
The University of Sheffield
Abstract:
In community renewal, a thorough understanding of the characteristics of stakeholders and their interactions is essential for achieving community consensus and optimizing the renewal outcomes. Different from the descriptive approaches that are often used for stakeholder analysis in community renewal, this research systematically analyzes the dynamics of the stakeholder network in participatory planning using the case of the Pun Tong Wuyue Micro-renewal Project. Drawing on the influence-interest grid, actor-linkage matrix and statistical analysis, data are collected through ethnographic observations, surveys and semi-structured interviews. The research is divided into three steps: 1) A total of 145 participants were grouped in 14 stakeholder categories; 2) The characteristics, including the influence, interest and participation level of each stakeholder, were analyzed; 3) The communications and relationships between various stakeholder categories were examined. The results highlight the effectiveness of holding participatory activities and establishing common interests in building positive stakeholder relationships. They also show the importance of community planners and designers, clan representatives, relevant governmental departments, and news media in mobilizing information. The marginalization of the elderly, females, less educated people and other less influential social groups was revealed, calling for more inclusive participation. The findings are of significance for the implementation of future participatory community renewal practices.
Key words:  community renewal  stakeholder participation  influence-interest grid  actor-linkage matrix  Pun Tong Wuyue  community planning
引用本文:陆熹,(德)埃卡特·兰格.参与式社区更新中的利益相关方特征和互动研究——以广州泮塘五约为例[J].风景园林,2021,28(9):24-30.
LU Xi,(DEU) Eckart Lange.Stakeholder Characteristics and Interactions in a Participatory Community Renewal Project: A Case Study of Pun Tong Wuyue Village, Guangzhou[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(9):24-30.