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区域景观的规划、协调、管控:日本的经验与启示
王倩娜1, 庄子薛1, 马嘉2
1.四川大学;2.北京林业大学
摘要:
日本自2004年《景观法》颁布后,在跨尺度、多类型的区域景观规划方面积累了一定的经验,能够在中国国土空间规划逐渐重视跨越行政边界且尺度较大的生态空间体系构建的背景下,从风景园林学科的视角为中国区域景观的规划、协调、管控提供启示。着眼于日本区域景观,在对区域景观的概念进行解读、厘清、对比后,分析了日本区域景观规划的定位与目标、内容构成及协调管控机制。同时结合关门海峡区域景观规划实例,具体分析了规划的背景和沿革、管控方针和内容,以及多元协作协商、活动支援机制等。基于日本区域景观规划的经验,结合我国实际情况得到了有关法律法规、国土空间、规划管控、多方协调、公众参与5个方面的启示。旨在为我国国土空间规划体系中涉及区域景观的规划提供参考。
关键词:  风景园林  区域景观规划  国土空间规划  协调管控  日本  景观风貌
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2021.09.0068.07
分类号:TU984.3
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年基金 ( 编号 31500581);成都市科技项目(编号 2019-RK00-00261-ZF)
Planning, Coordination and Control of Regional Landscape: Experience and Enlightenment from Japan
WANG Qianna1, ZHUANG Zixue1, MA Jia2
1.Sichuan University;2.Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
Since the promulgation of the Landscape Law in 2004, Japan has accumulated considerable experience in regional landscape planning in diversified scales and types. It could provide enlightenment for the planning, coordination and control of regional landscape in China from the perspective of the landscape architecture discipline, considering that China has attached increasingly greater importance to the construction of large-scale ecological space system across administrative boundaries in its territory spatial planning. Based on Japan’s regional landscape, this research interprets, clarifies and compares the concepts of regional landscape, then analyzes the orientation, objectives, content composition, coordination and control mechanism of regional landscape planning in Japan, as well as the control and declaration requirements of regional landscape planning with the Kanmon Strait case. It puts forward enlightenment in five aspects related to the legal system, territorial space, planning management and control, multi-party coordination, and public participation for China’s regional landscape planning based on the experience from Japan.
Key words:  landscape architecture  regional landscape planning  territory spatial planning  coordination and control  Japan  landscape style
引用本文:王倩娜,庄子薛,马嘉.区域景观的规划、协调、管控:日本的经验与启示[J].风景园林,2021,28(9):68-74.
WANG Qianna,ZHUANG Zixue,MA Jia.Planning, Coordination and Control of Regional Landscape: Experience and Enlightenment from Japan[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2021, 28(9):68-74.