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城市生境单元制图研究进展及其在生物多样性保护中的应用
陈天一, 赵聪聪, 文素洁, 胡远东
东北林业大学
摘要:
城市生境单元制图是将原始生态环境数据和生物信息应用到城市自然保护和生态空间管理决策的有效途径。生境单元制图对于揭示城市环境与生物多样性的分布规律、探寻城市生物多样性保护与管控的生态边界具有重要意义。对城市生境单元制图的国内外研究进行综述,系统介绍了城市生境单元制图的主要步骤和方法;对比和评述了国内外典型城市生境单元制图研究案例,总结了生境单元制图在城市生物多样性保护中的应用。最后提出城市生境单元制图研究需要重点解决的问题,展望城市生境单元制图研究在中国城市生物多样性保护中的应用前景,以期为中国城市生物多样性保护和城市生态建设提供科学依据和参考。
关键词:  风景园林  生境单元  城市生境单元制图  生态空间管理  生物多样性保护
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.01.0012.06
分类号:TU986
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金(编号 2572017CA12,2572018CP06)
Research Progress in Urban Biotope Mapping and Its Application in Biodiversity Conservation
CHEN Tianyi, ZHAO Congcong, WEN Sujie, HU Yuandong
Northeast Forestry University
Abstract:
Urban biotope mapping is an effective way to apply raw ecological environment information and biological data to urban nature conservation and ecological space management decision-making. Biotope mapping is of great significance to reveal the distribution law of urban environment and biodiversity and explore the ecological boundary of urban biodiversity protection and management. This research reviews the domestic and overseas studies of urban biotope mapping, and systematically introduces the major procedures and research methods. It compares and reviews urban biotope mapping cases from domestic and overseas areas, and summarizes the application of biotope mapping in urban biodiversity conservation. Lastly, it proposes the key issues to be solved in the urban biotope mapping researches and the application prospects of urban biodiversity conservation in China, in a bid to provide a scientific basis and reference for urban biodiversity conservation and urban ecological construction in China.
Key words:  landscape architecture  biotope  urban biotope mapping  ecological space management  biodiversity conservation
引用本文:陈天一,赵聪聪,文素洁,胡远东.城市生境单元制图研究进展及其在生物多样性保护中的应用[J].风景园林,2022,29(1):12-17.
CHEN Tianyi,ZHAO Congcong,WEN Sujie,HU Yuandong.Research Progress in Urban Biotope Mapping and Its Application in Biodiversity Conservation[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(1):12-17.