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困境与共生——动物包容性城市设计策略述评与应用启示
张婧远, 刘堃
哈尔滨工业大学(深圳)
摘要:
现有的城市生物多样性保护策略大多关注城市建成环境中遗留的自然地域或特定物种的保护,对于与城市设计策略相结合的生物多样性保护关注程度有限。动物包容性城市设计兼顾动物和人类发展需求,并将其融入设计策略,为城市生物多样性保护提供了空间规划与设计视角下的创新型路径。通过文献分析对动物包容性城市设计的核心理念、设计策略与应用现状进行了系统性梳理与述评,并从如何兼顾动物和人类需求的视角探索了目标物种生存与城市发展的共生策略。此外,结合中国生物多样性保护和国土空间规划的现实需求,对动物包容性城市设计概念框架的应用路径进行探讨,提炼出规划控制融合、复合性专家团队与多方利益群体参与、政策引导与管理等3个应用路径着力点。为城市地域内的生物多样性保护提供了新思路和新方法,期望在理论框架和实践应用层面促进动物包容性城市设计这一新型规划设计理念的发展。
关键词:  风景园林  动物包容性城市设计  城市人居环境  目标物种选择  共生策略  应用路径
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.01.0018.08
分类号:TU984
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(编号 52108048);深圳市引进海外高层次人才科研启动基金(编号 FB11409008);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(编号 FB45001033)
Dilemma and Symbiosis: Reviewing the Strategies of Wildlife-Inclusive Urban Design and Its Insights for Applications
ZHANG Jingyuan, LIU Kun
Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen)
Abstract:
Current strategies for biodiversity conservation largely aim at protecting remnant natural areas in urban built environment or specific species, while paying little attention to biodiversity conservation integrated with urban design strategies. In the concept of wildlife-inclusive urban design, the demand of animals and humans are incorporated in the process of design strategies, serving as creative paths for the conservation of biodiversity from the perspective of spatial planning and design. The method of literature analysis was used to systematically review and discuss the key concept, design strategies and current applications of wildlife-inclusive urban design, and explored the symbiosis strategy regarding the coexistence of target species survival and urban development. In addition, considering the actual demand of biodiversity conservation and territory spatial planning, the application path of wildlife-inclusive urban design was discussed, and thus proposed three key points of application path including merging of planning control, participation of comprehensive expert team and multiple interest groups. Results of this study provided new ideas and methods for biodiversity conservation in urban human settlement environment, so as to facilitate the development of the innovative concept of wildlife-inclusive urban design in the aspects of theoretical framework and empirical application.
Key words:  landscape architecture  wildlife-inclusive urban design  urban human settlement environment  target species selection  symbiosis strategy  application path
引用本文:张婧远,刘堃.困境与共生——动物包容性城市设计策略述评与应用启示[J].风景园林,2022,29(1):18-25.
ZHANG Jingyuan,LIU Kun.Dilemma and Symbiosis: Reviewing the Strategies of Wildlife-Inclusive Urban Design and Its Insights for Applications[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(1):18-25.