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生态安全背景下的城市生态建设再思考
郭雪艳1, 达良俊2
1.司法鉴定科学研究院;2.华东师范大学
摘要:
快速城市化伴随各类环境污染、生物多样性质量下降、生态系统服务功能退化、疾病蔓延等城市问题,直接威胁着城市生态安全乃至人类生命健康。基于对“生态”一词源流与内涵的梳理,倡导汲取传统生态智慧,运用“生命观、动态观、系统观”辨析和破解城市生态建设及管理方法中存在的问题与误区。结合上海生态实践,通过营建以乡土植物和土著动物为主体的近自然型城市生命地标,创造健康安全且富有韧性的城市人居环境,实现人与自然的和谐共生。
关键词:  城市化  近自然  生物多样性  生态恢复  生态安全  生命地标
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.01.0049.04
分类号:TU985
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(编号 2020YFC0832801);上海市城市化生态过程与生态恢复重点实验室开放课题(编号 SHUES2020A14)
Rethinking Urban Ecological Construction under the Context of Ecological Security
GUO Xueyan1, DA Liangjun2
1.Academy of Forensic Science;2.East China Normal University
Abstract:
Rapid urbanization is accompanied by various environmental pollution, declining biodiversity quality, ecosystem service degradation, disease spread and other urban problems, which directly threaten the ecological security of cities and human health. Based on the analysis of the origin and connotation of “ecology”, this research proposes drawing on the traditional ecological wisdom, and applying the “life view, dynamic view and system view” to analyze and solve the problems and misunderstandings in urban ecological construction and management methods. Incorporating Shanghai’s ecological practices, it creates a healthy, safe and resilient urban living environment by building a near natural urban life landmark with native plants and indigenous animals as the main body, so as to achieve harmonious coexistence between man and nature.
Key words:  urbanization  near-to-nature  biodiversity  ecological restoration  ecological security  living landmark
引用本文:郭雪艳,达良俊.生态安全背景下的城市生态建设再思考[J].风景园林,2022,29(1):49-52.
GUO Xueyan,DA Liangjun.Rethinking Urban Ecological Construction under the Context of Ecological Security[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(1):49-52.