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成都城区河流廊道自生植物的生境及物种多样性
李晓鹏1, 张思凝1, 冯黎2, 吴然1
1.西南交通大学;2.成都市公园城市建设发展研究院
摘要:
河流廊道是自生植物生长的重要栖息地,但相关研究较为缺乏。运用均匀布样法,结合典型样地法,选取贯穿成都城区西北到南部的清水河、南河、府河为样段,共223个样方,分析自生植物定居的生境类型,探寻物种组成特征,以期为自生植物生境及景观营造提供参考。结果表明:生境按照距水的远近可分为无驳岸水边、驳岸和岸上三大类,根据基质及绿地植被的不同可分为18种微生境。共记录自生植物158种56科121属,生活型组成十分丰富,其中多年生植物最多,有45种。在群落多样性方面,西北—南部样段的水边生境显著高于驳岸和岸上,各微生境之间差异显著。而市中心样段各生境间差异不显著,绿地栽培群落使各生境同质化明显。未来在河道规划中,应尽量保留自然驳岸和自生植物,划分低干扰区域,可适当增加观赏效果好的低维护花卉。
关键词:  河流廊道  自生植物  城市生境  物种组成  植物景观  生物多样性
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.01.0064.07
分类号:TU986.2
基金项目:成都市风景园林规划设计院公园城市项目(编号 R114620H01038);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(编号 2682021CX095);国家自然科学基金青年基金(编号 52108065,52008346)
Habitat and Species Diversity of Spontaneous Plants on Both Sides of River Corridor in Chengdu Urban Area
LI Xiaopeng1, ZHANG Sining1, FENG Li2, WU Ran1
1.Southwest Jiaotong University;2.Chengdu Park City Construction and Development Research Institute
Abstract:
River corridors are important habitats for the growth of spontaneous plants, but related studies are lacking. This research uses the uniform sampling method, along with the typical plot method, to select the Qingshui River, Nanhe River and Fuhe River that run through the northwest to the south of the urban area as the research samples, totally 223 plots. It analyzes the habitat types of spontaneous plants and the characteristics of the species composition, to provide a reference for habitat construction and landscape planning of spontaneous vegetation. The result shows that according to the distance from water, the habitats of spontaneous plants can be divided into three categories: waterside without revetment, revetment and on the shore. According to the different substrates and vegetation of green space, they can be categorized into 18 microhabitat types. In the northwest-south transect, the microhabitats of waterside vacant land, revetment wall, natural revetment and lawn are the most. Totally, 158 species of spontaneous plants belonging to 56 families and 121 genera are recorded, including diverse life forms. Among them, perennial plants are the most, amounting to 45 species. In terms of community diversity, the waterside habitat of the northwest-south transect is significantly higher than that of the revetment and shore, with significant differences among the microhabitats. However, there is no significant difference among the habitats in the city center. The influence of planted vegetation homogenizes the habitats significantly. In the planning of river corridors in the future, the existing spontaneous plant community of natural revetment should be retained as far as possible. The area with low interference should be protected, and ornamental flowers with low maintenance can be appropriately added in some communities.
Key words:  river corridor  spontaneous plants  urban habitat  species composition  plant landscape  biodiversity
引用本文:李晓鹏,张思凝,冯黎,吴然.成都城区河流廊道自生植物的生境及物种多样性[J].风景园林,2022,29(1):64-70.
LI Xiaopeng,ZHANG Sining,FENG Li,WU Ran.Habitat and Species Diversity of Spontaneous Plants on Both Sides of River Corridor in Chengdu Urban Area[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(1):64-70.