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中国现代风景园林历史分期研究
何梦瑶, 赵纪军
华中科技大学
摘要:
对中国现代风景园林的历史进程进行分期是探索其发展规律、评估其经验教训的必要基础,能够促进对学科、行业发展的历史理解与批判性反思。现有相关分期多参考国家政治、社会、经济等重大事件的时间节点,有待更为严谨的学术论证。通过史料解读、个案研究、对比分析等方法,将“现代化”作为基本的价值判断主线,以中国现代风景园林在政策背景、学科教育、行业实践3方面互动交织的历史进程为根本依据,研究其关键历史节点、确立分期标志,重新认识了1949、1953、1958年等国家发展重大历史节点的风景园林内涵与意义,论证并确立了1984、1992、2011年等对于风景园林事业而言具有传承与转折意义的重要历史节点,同时总结了中国现代风景园林历史分期的启示、反思与前瞻。
关键词:  中国现代风景园林  近现代  现代化  历史进程  历史分期
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.09.0076.08
分类号:TU986
基金项目:
Research on the Historical Phases of Chinese Modern Landscape Architecture
HE Mengyao, ZHAO Jijun
Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Abstract:
The division of the historical phases of Chinese modern landscape architecture is a necessary basis for understanding the development law of and evaluating the lessons learned from Chinese modern landscape architecture. It can promote the historical understanding of and critical reflection on the development of the discipline and industry of landscape architecture in China. However, the current division of the historical phases is largely based on the time nodes of national political, social and economic events, thus entailing more rigorous academic discrimination. Through interpretation of historical materials, case studies and comparative analysis, this research makes a comprehensive review of the development of Chinese modern landscape architecture, especially key historical nodes thereof, with “modernization” being considered as the main line of value judgment, and the interactive process of policy background, disciplinary education and professional practice the fundamental basis. On this basis, the research establishes crucial marks of the historical phases, further understands the connotation and significance of landscape architecture in some key historical nodes of national development such as the years 1949, 1953 and 1958, demonstrates and establishes some key historical nodes with inheritance and transition significance for Chinese modern landscape architecture, such as the years of 1984, 1992 and 2011, and sums up the enlightenment from, reflection on and the prospect of the historical phases of Chinese modern landscape architecture.
Key words:  Chinese modern landscape architecture  modern times  modernization  historical process  historical phases
引用本文:何梦瑶,赵纪军.中国现代风景园林历史分期研究[J].风景园林,2022,29(9):76-83.
HE Mengyao,ZHAO Jijun.Research on the Historical Phases of Chinese Modern Landscape Architecture[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(9):76-83.