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风景园林学视角下的采石废弃地植被修复策略
贾绿媛, 林箐, 王向荣, 张诗阳
北京林业大学
摘要:
随着城市建设的发展,越来越多的采石废弃地被修复为城市绿色空间,亟须从风景园林学的视角研究采石废弃地的植被修复。分析现阶段多种基于土地复垦学的采石废弃地植被修复技术的特点与不足,从风景园林学的视角解读采石废弃地的价值并提出修复原则。结合国内外采石废弃地景观修复的实践案例,总结适合于景观营建的植被修复策略和方法。针对岩壁与裸岩陡坡、边坡、坑口迹地和其他受干扰类废弃地提出15种植被修复策略,并指出其技术、景观与经济特点,以及修复策略的选择依据和修复过程中需要的多学科技术与措施。研究结果可为今后采石废弃地的景观修复提供参考。
关键词:  采石废弃地  植被修复  生态修复  景观营建  风景园林学
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.09.0084.08
分类号:TU986.2
基金项目:自然资源部国土空间规划局国土空间规划体系重大问题补充研究课题之“新发展阶段的国土空间格局研究”子项 10—建设更具自然价值和文化特色的国土空间实施策略(编号 TC2101050/10)
Vegetation Restoration Strategies for Abandoned Quarry from the Perspective of Landscape Architecture
JIA Lyuyuan, LIN Qing, WANG Xiangrong, ZHANG Shiyang
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
With the development of urban construction, more abandoned quarries are restored into urban green spaces. There is an urgent need to study the vegetation restoration of abandoned quarry from the perspective of landscape architecture. This research analyzes the characteristics and shortcomings of vegetation restoration technologies for abandoned quarry based on land reclamation at the present stage, interprets the value of abandoned quarry from the perspective of landscape architecture, and proposes relevant restoration principles. In combination with the landscape restoration cases of abandoned quarries at home and abroad, it summarizes relevant strategies and methods for vegetation restoration that are suitable for landscape construction. Moreover, the research puts forward 15 vegetation restoration strategies respectively targeting cliffs, side slopes, pits and other disturbed wastelands in abandoned quarries, points out their technical, landscape and economic characteristics, indicates the selection basis of these strategies and the multidisciplinary techniques and measures required in the restoration process. Research results can provide a reference for future landscape restoration of the abandoned quarries.
Key words:  abandoned quarry  vegetation restoration  ecological restoration  landscape construction  landscape architecture
引用本文:贾绿媛,林箐,王向荣,张诗阳.风景园林学视角下的采石废弃地植被修复策略[J].风景园林,2022,29(9):84-91.
JIA Lyuyuan,LIN Qing,WANG Xiangrong,ZHANG Shiyang.Vegetation Restoration Strategies for Abandoned Quarry from the Perspective of Landscape Architecture[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(9):84-91.