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大尺度线性遗产区域景观特征识别——以北京长城文化带为例
贺鼎, 卢丽娜, 王晶, 张杰
北京建筑大学
摘要:
在国家文化公园建设背景下,国家对于大尺度线性遗产所在区域的保护工作日益重视,但对大尺度线性遗产所在的带状区域景观特征识别的研究尚属空白。以北京长城文化带为研究区域,基于景观特征评估(LCA)理论,借助地理信息系统(GIS)技术,围绕长城防御、屯垦和军情3个历史功能,构建由长城边墙、城堡和烽火台组成的文化遗产要素识别框架,探索大尺度线性遗产区域景观特征识别的技术路径和实现手段。在对自然景观要素和文化遗产要素进行分类、融合的基础上形成31种景观特征类型,针对不同的景观特征类型进行关键特征识别,深入研究自然景观与文化遗产的耦合关系及其形成机制,以期对中国的大尺度线性文化遗产区域总体评估和保护利用提供借鉴与参考。
关键词:  国家文化公园  长城文化带  景观特征识别  自然景观要素  文化遗产要素
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.09.0099.08
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(编号 52178029,51808022);北京市教育委员会科学研究计划项目(编号 KM202210016014);北京建筑大学未来城市设计高精尖创新中心(编号 UDC2020020124)
Landscape Character Identification in Large-Scale Linear Heritage Areas: A Case Study of Beijing Great Wall Cultural Belt
HE Ding, LU Lina, WANG Jing, ZHANG Jie
Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture
Abstract:
Under the background of the construction of the national cultural park, China attaches more and more importance to protecting of areas where large-scale linear heritage is located. However the research on landscape character identification in belt areas where the large-scale linear heritage is located is still blank. Taking Beijing Great Wall Cultural Belt as the research area, this research, based on the theory of landscape character assessment (LCA) and by virtue of the geographic information system (GIS) technology, establishes the identification framework for cultural heritage elements in the side walls, castles and beacon towers of the Great Wall centering around the three historical functions of Great Wall defense, reclamation and military intelligence, and explores the technical routes and realization means for landscape character identification in large-scale linear heritage areas. Additionally, the research forms 31 landscape character types based on the classification and integration of natural landscape elements and cultural heritage elements, and then identifies key characters in each landscape character type. Finally, the coupling relationship between natural landscape and cultural heritage and its formation mechanism are deeply studied, to provide reference for the overall evaluation, protection and utilization of large-scale linear cultural heritage areas in China.
Key words:  national cultural park  Great Wall Cultural Belt  landscape character identification  natural landscape elements  cultural heritage elements
引用本文:贺鼎,卢丽娜,王晶,张杰.大尺度线性遗产区域景观特征识别——以北京长城文化带为例[J].风景园林,2022,29(9):99-106.
HE Ding,LU Lina,WANG Jing,ZHANG Jie.Landscape Character Identification in Large-Scale Linear Heritage Areas: A Case Study of Beijing Great Wall Cultural Belt[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(9):99-106.