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延续与嬗变:基于《良友》画报图文史料的近代风景审美探析 (1926—1945年)
王馨梓, 毛华松
重庆大学
摘要:
中国园林发展进程中的第三次转折发生在近代,展开近代风景审美特征及其社会动力机制的研究,对深入理解风景审美的近代化进程有积极意义。基于《良友》画报,以报道体裁和风景类型建立近代风景图文史料库,总结近代风景在审美主体、审美表达和审美对象上的延续与嬗变:1)在审美主体上,画报以教育文化为宗旨并组建精英化编写群体,推动了近代风景审美的发展和大众化;2)在审美表达上,诗画结合的意境表达仍是画报的重要表达方式,但受西方思想与新技术的影响,报道采用客观理性的图像文字,激发了风景审美的理性化倾向;3)在审美对象上,画报仍高度关注传统文化,但在近代化进程中,风景审美对象表现出多样化的特征并被赋予教育、健康与民族意识的意义。对近代风景审美特征的挖掘有助于深化对近代风景营建思想的认识,可为识别和保护近代风景资源与遗产提供借鉴。
关键词:  风景园林  风景审美  近代转向  《良友》画报  图像学
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.09.0135.07
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(编号 51878087);教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(编号 18YJA770008)
Continuation and Transmutation: Research on Modern Landscape Aesthetics Based on the Historical Image and Text Materials of the Pictorial Young Companion (1926–1945)
WANG Xinzi, MAO Huasong
Chongqing University,
Abstract:
The third turning point in the development process of Chinese gardens occurred in modern times. The research on modern landscape aesthetics characteristics and the social dynamic mechanism thereof has positive significance for an in-depth understanding of the modernization process of landscape aesthetics. Based on the pictorial Young Companion, this research establishes a library of historical image and text materials for modern landscape from such aspects as reporting genre and landscape type. It summarizes the continuation and evolution of modern landscape in terms of aesthetic subject, aesthetic expression and aesthetic object. Specifically, in terms of aesthetic subject, pictorials are typically prepared by a group of elites following the purpose of education and culture, thus promoting the development and popularization of modern landscape aesthetics; in terms of aesthetic expression, the expression of artistic conception combining poetry and painting is still an essential way of expression for pictorials, but due to the influence of Western ideas and new technologies, objective and rational images and texts are adopted for landscape reporting, thus stimulating the rationalization trend of landscape aesthetics; in terms of aesthetic object, pictorials still pay great attention to traditional culture, but in the process of modernization, the objects of landscape aesthetics become increasingly diverse and are endowed with meanings of education, health and national consciousness. The excavation of the modern landscape aesthetic characteristics can help deepen the understanding of modern landscape construction ideas, and provide a reference for identifying and conserving modern landscape resources and heritage.
Key words:  landscape architecture  landscape aesthetics  modern transformation  the pictorial Young Companion  iconography
引用本文:王馨梓,毛华松.延续与嬗变:基于《良友》画报图文史料的近代风景审美探析 (1926—1945年)[J].风景园林,2022,29(9):135-141.
WANG Xinzi,MAO Huasong.Continuation and Transmutation: Research on Modern Landscape Aesthetics Based on the Historical Image and Text Materials of the Pictorial Young Companion (1926–1945)[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(9):135-141.