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从空间营造到文化生产——清末广州花地馥荫园再考
彭长歆, 张欣
华南理工大学
摘要:
清末广州花地馥荫园的前身为东园,两者具有空间延续与递进关系。从园林赞助人及中西赏游群体出发,通过文献考证及图像分析,并应用层次叠加法,廓清东园时期的园址范围,以及馥荫园的旧园遗存与再造部分,探讨空间格局演进的历史逻辑及文化生产等。研究表明:馥荫园继承了东园南侧的宅院区并向南改建、拓展,改变了东园时期以北侧荷塘区为主景的布局方向;与东园雅集所形成的诗文等文化产品相比,西方游客通过摄影与绘画记录馥荫园的景物,外销画、摄影及铜版画等各类图像作品将馥荫园的视觉形象与文化内涵以更直接的方式向世界传播。这一过程不仅是营造主体、空间格局与使用方式的转变,也隐含着清末广州园林文化生产的转向,成为清末岭南园林近代转型及现代性构建的重要内容之一。
关键词:  中国园林史  岭南园林  行商园林  东园  馥荫园  广州花地
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.09.0128.07
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(编号 51978271)
Research on Howqua’s Garden in the Late Qing Dynasty in Fa-ti, Canton from Spatial Construction to Cultural Production Thereof
PENG Changxin, ZHANG Xin
South China University of Technology
Abstract:
The Howqua’s Garden in Fa-ti, Canton in the late Qing Dynasty was formerly known as the Puankhequa’s Garden, and the two have a spatial continuation and progression relationship. From the perspective of garden patrons and Chinese and Western visiting groups, the research, based on literature research and image analysis, clarifies the scope of the garden during the period of Puankhequa’s Garden and the remains and reconstructions of Howqua’s Garden by the hierarchical overlaying method, and discusses the historical logic and cultural production with respect to the evolution of the garden’s spatial patterns. Inheriting the courtyard area on the south side of Puankhequa’s Garden, Howqua’s Garden was further reconstructed and expanded southward, changing the layout direction of taking the lotus pond area on the north side as the main scenery during the period of Puankhequa’s Garden. The cultural products of Puankhequa’s Garden are mainly literature works such as poems and essays, while those of Howqua’s Garden are mainly pictorial works such as export paintings, photographs and copper prints, which are based on foreign visitors recording the scenery of Garden through photography and paintings, and can convey the visual images and cultural connotations of Howqua’s Garden to the world in a more direct way. This transition process not only indicates a transformation in garden constructor, spatial pattern and usage mode, but also implies a shift in the cultural production of Guangzhou gardens in the late Qing Dynasty, and became one of the key elements in the modern transformation and modernity construction of Lingnan gardens in the late Qing Dynasty.
Key words:  history of Chinese gardens  Lingnan garden  Hong merchants’ garden  Puankhequa’s Garden  Howqua’s Garden  Fa-ti, Canton
引用本文:彭长歆,张欣.从空间营造到文化生产——清末广州花地馥荫园再考[J].风景园林,2022,29(9):128-134.
PENG Changxin,ZHANG Xin.Research on Howqua’s Garden in the Late Qing Dynasty in Fa-ti, Canton from Spatial Construction to Cultural Production Thereof[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(9):128-134.