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风景名胜区总体规划编制的新形势与变革趋向探讨
刘红纯1, 邓武功2, 王忠杰2, 陆地3
1.国家林业和草原局;2.中国城市规划设计研究院;3.中国建设科技集团
摘要:
风景名胜区总体规划是管理的重要抓手,在当前自然保护地体系改革的新时期,风景名胜区面临新的形势要求,为进一步管理好风景名胜区,风景名胜区总体规划编制导向亟须明确。基于风景名胜区的突出特色、风景名胜区总体规划的核心要求,融合新时代发展形势,认为风景名胜区总体规划未来在延续综合性规划特点的基础上,应深化生态保护内容,强化历史文化保护传承,加强人为活动管控以促进人与自然和谐共生,重视其范围研究以解决历史遗留问题,精准空间落位以纳入“一张图”管理,精简实施性弱的内容并突出规划管理重点,捋顺重大建设工程项目与总体规划的关系以契合发展实际。以此期望今后风景名胜区总体规划编制能够守正创新,更加符合时代要求,更加适应实际需求。
关键词:  风景园林  风景名胜区  自然保护地  总体规划  国土空间规划  文化自信  生态保护
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.12.0060.05
分类号:TU986
基金项目:
Discussion on New Situation and Reform Trends in Formulating Master Planning of Scenic and Historic Areas
LIU Hongchun1, DENG Wugong2, WANG Zhongjie2, LU Di3
1.National Forestry and Grassland Administration;2.China Academy of Urban Planning and Design.;3.China Construction Technology Consulting Co., Ltd
Abstract:
The master planning of scenic and historic areas is an important tool for management of scenic and historic areas. In the current reform period of the protected area system, scenic and historic areas are facing new situations and new requirements. In order to refine the management of scenic and historic areas, it is imperative to clarify the guiding principles of the formulation of the master planning of scenic and historic areas. Based on the outstanding characteristics of scenic and historic areas, the core requirements for the master planning of scenic and historic areas, and the development situation of scenic and historic areas in the new era, this research suggests that on the basis of maintaining the characteristics of comprehensive planning, the master planning of scenic and historic areas should enrich the content of ecological protection, strengthen the protection and inheritance of history and culture, enhance the management and control of human activities to promote the harmonious coexistence between man and nature, focus on scope research to solve historical problems, ensure precise spatial positioning to incorporate “one map” management, simplify contents that can hardly be implemented and highlight the priorities in planning management, and straighten out the relationship between major construction projects and master planning to match the development reality, so that the formulation of the master planning of scenic and historic areas in the future will be realistic and innovative, and reflect the requirements of the times and the actual needs.
Key words:  landscape architecture  scenic and historic area  natural protected area  master planning  territorial spatial planning  cultural confidence  ecological protection
引用本文:刘红纯,邓武功,王忠杰,陆地.风景名胜区总体规划编制的新形势与变革趋向探讨[J].风景园林,2022,29(12):60-64.
LIU Hongchun,DENG Wugong,WANG Zhongjie,LU Di.Discussion on New Situation and Reform Trends in Formulating Master Planning of Scenic and Historic Areas[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(12):60-64.