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诗画雅游——明代南京徐氏东园平面复原考析
张文正, 曹磊, 刘静蓉, 王焱
天津大学
摘要:
徐氏东园是明中后期南京最负盛名的园林之一,其从农作园到山水园的转变过程体现了江南地区园林发展的趋势。因史料不足,既有研究深度与其历史地位不匹配。对既有史料深入发掘,对园记、园林绘画、地方图志等诸多史料信息加以识别、关联梳理,尝试划定东园边界,结合东园主人交游者的园林诗,从中提取造景要素与意向,对全盛时的东园平面展开考证和复原。研究表明,东园边界由长桥、苑家桥、小运河、马家桥、茉莉园限定,园中一鉴堂有二层、朝向东南;东园造景要素丰富,有华堂丽亭、奇花异木、峰洞石林、溪池瀑泉;园林营建采用自然化的理水方式、堂台组合的构景手法;载诗载画的文人雅集使东园成为明中后期南京重要的文化空间。通过考证,为徐氏家族园林集群的研究进行了史料补充,以期为类似研究提供参考。
关键词:  徐氏东园  园林绘画  园林复原  营建特征  造景要素  文人雅集
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2022.12.0113.07
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家社会科学基金(编号 19ZDA193)
Elegant Tour of Poetry and Painting: Research on Plan Restoration of Xu’s East Garden in Nanjing in Ming Dynasty
ZHANG Wenzheng, CAO Lei, LIU Jingrong, WANG Yan
Tianjin University
Abstract:
Xu’s East Garden is one of the most famous gardens in Nanjing in the middle and late Ming Dynasty. The transformation process from the agricultural garden to the landscape garden reflects the development trend of gardens in the Jiangnan Region. However, the depth of existing research does not match the historical position of the garden mainly due to a scarcity of historical data. Based on existing historical materials, this research aims to clarify the boundary of East Garden through the in-depth excavation, identification, and combination of historical materials such as garden notes, garden paintings and local images. Besides, the research extracts landscaping elements and intentions from garden poems written by the friends of the garden’s owner to verify and restore the plan of the garden in its heyday. The research reveals that the boundary of East Garden is defined by Long Bridge, Yuanjia Bridge, Small Canal, Majia Bridge and Moli Garden. The Yijian Hall in the garden is a two-story building, facing southeast; East Garden is rich in landscaping elements, among which the building elements include gorgeous halls and pavilions, plant elements include exotic flowers and trees, rock elements include peaks, caves and stone forests, and water elements include streams, ponds, cascades and springs; the construction of the garden adopts a natural water management method and a landscaping technique featuring the combination of hall and terrace; the elegant gathering of poems and paintings makes East Garden a significant cultural space in Nanjing in the middle and late Ming Dynasty. The research supplements existing historical materials involved in the research on the garden cluster of Xu’s family, in hope of providing reference for similar research.
Key words:  Xu’s East Garden  garden painting  garden restoration  construction characteristic  landscaping element  elegant gathering
引用本文:张文正,曹磊,刘静蓉,王焱.诗画雅游——明代南京徐氏东园平面复原考析[J].风景园林,2022,29(12):113-119.
ZHANG Wenzheng,CAO Lei,LIU Jingrong,WANG Yan.Elegant Tour of Poetry and Painting: Research on Plan Restoration of Xu’s East Garden in Nanjing in Ming Dynasty[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2022, 29(12):113-119.