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贵州鲍家屯喀斯特水利坝田景观的传统生态智慧
李婧, 韩锋
同济大学
摘要:
从传统生态智慧的角度,通过现场判读、参与观察、深度访谈等方法,对贵州鲍家屯喀斯特水利坝田景观进行调查和研究。阐述了鲍家屯戍边汉民族独特的社会经济信仰体系(宇宙观、风水信仰、家庭观念、宗族意识、防御心理、民族情感、屯田制、岁修制度、“来会”制度)如何在恶劣的自然条件(土地贫瘠、水土流失、雨水分布不均、旱涝风险)下,延伸出了独特的人地互动方式(空间选址、水资源利用、可调节的自流式灌溉),形成了协调的水利坝田景观。
关键词:  农业景观  传统生态智慧  深度访谈  鲍家屯  喀斯特
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2017.11.0093.06
分类号:TU986
基金项目:国家重点研发计划“自然遗产地生态保护与管理技术”:“遗产地生态保护和社区发展协同研究”课题(编号2016YFC0503308)
Traditional Ecological Knowledge Research of the Karst Dike Field Landscape of Bao's Village, Guizhou
LI Jing, HAN Feng
Tongji University
Abstract:
By means of interpretation, participant observation, depth interview, we research about the Karst Dike Field Landscape of Bao's Village from the view of traditional ecological knowledge. At the Bao's Village, the Han nationality people have their social-economic-relational system, combined with cosmology, geomancy, sense of defense, family and clan emotion, nationality emotion and institutions of family farmland-responsibility, annual dam-maintenance and fork association. This system has developed a serial of specific human-natural interactions, such as site selection, water utilization and adjustable gravity-flowing irritation. As a result, a harmonious dike field landscape emerged.
Key words:  agricultural landscape  traditional ecological knowledge  depth interview  the Bao's Village  Karst
引用本文:李婧,韩锋.贵州鲍家屯喀斯特水利坝田景观的传统生态智慧[J].风景园林,2017,24(11):93-98.
LI Jing,HAN Feng.Traditional Ecological Knowledge Research of the Karst Dike Field Landscape of Bao's Village, Guizhou[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2017, 24(11):93-98.