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北京地区植物地名的景观特征及演变研究
曾筱雁, 尹豪
北京林业大学
摘要:
地名以其独有的城市识别性成为人们感知地域、熟知地域的重要载体。而以植物冠名的城市地名则体现该地域植物景观在某特定历史时期的特征和标识作用,即植物地名的景观地域性。在过去的研究体系中,植物地名是地名体系分类中的一个分支,地名研究侧重整体性和系统性,而针对植物地名的专项研究不多。本文单独提取植物地名,通过数据整理和文献考证,从地名规划角度出发,研究古都北京城市建设发展的特征和景观风貌。研究结果表明,植物地名在北京中心城区高度密集,主要集中于老城区(西城区和东城区),呈现由中心城区向周边辖区逐渐减少的分布状态。植物地名的增长变化与城市建设和文化发展紧密相关。根据地名词源和反映的植物景观不同,植物地名所表达的景观类型主要有4类:街巷景观类、园圃景观类、山水景观类、荒野景观类,反映了北京旧有的城市格局和景观特征。
关键词:  风景园林  植物地名  植物景观  地名规划
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2017.11.0099.06
分类号:TU986
基金项目:北京市共建项目专项资助
Landscape Feature and Evolution of Plants Place-names in Beijing Area
ZENG Xiao-yan, YIN Hao
Beijing Forestry University
Abstract:
With identification and stability, place-names act as the carrier by which local people get familiar with the city. The reflection on landscape feature and identification in specific historical periods of place-names, named after plants, are concluded as the locality. In past studies, plant geographical names are a branch of the classification of geographical names. The study of geographical names focuses more on the integrity and system rather than research on plant geographical names. From the perspective of geographical name planning, this paper studies plant place names separately, studying the characteristics of natural style and historical evolution of ancient capital Beijing, exploring the regional value of plant landscape in urban planning, and reflecting on the current situation of urban planning in Beijing. The results show that the names are highly concentrated in the central city, mainly in the east and west disctricts of Beijing. These names gradually reduced from central city to surrounding area. The change of plant place-names is closely related to urban construction and cultural development. There are four landscape types, including streets, gardens, mountains and rivers, and wilderness.
Key words:  landscape architecture  plant place names  plant landscape  toponym planning
引用本文:曾筱雁,尹豪.北京地区植物地名的景观特征及演变研究[J].风景园林,2017,24(11):99-104.
ZENG Xiao-yan,YIN Hao.Landscape Feature and Evolution of Plants Place-names in Beijing Area[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2017, 24(11):99-104.