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北京市朝阳区绿地环境特征与犯罪率关系研究
殷炜达1, 杨娇妍2, 于晓慧3, 谢雨歆4, 段思嘉1
1.北京林业大学;2.中国风景名胜区协会规划设计中心;3.香港大学;4.中城国合(北京)规划设计研究院
摘要:
现有犯罪学研究成果表明,公共绿地空间与城市犯罪事件的发生存在紧密联系。本研究以实际数据为基础,现状场地调研为依据,CPTED理论为指导,探究北京市朝阳区32个单元的犯罪率与绿化覆盖率之间的关系。其次,随机抽取朝阳区12个具有代表性的绿地进行深入分析,根据空间环境特征将其归纳为4个具有典型特征的绿地形态,并由其易滋生犯罪的环境特征提出规划设计层面的改进方案,以期为城市空间环境规划设计的犯罪预防提供合理的建议。
关键词:  城市绿地  犯罪率  CPTED  城市安全
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2017.11.0105.08
分类号:TU986
基金项目:中央高校基金北京林业大学科技创新计划(编号2017ZY19);国家自然科学基金(编号31500580);中国博士后基金(编号2016M591091);城市空间信息工程北京市重点实验室(编号2016201);北京市共建项目:城乡生态环境北京实验室
The Study on the Relationship Between Green Space Features and Crime Rate in Chaoyang District,Beijing
YIN Wei-da1, YANG Jiao-yan2, YU Xiao-hui3, XIE Yu-xin4, DUAN Si-jia1
1.Beijing Forestry University;2.Planning and Design Center of China Association of National Parks and Scenic Sites;3.HongKong University;4.ZhongCheng GuoHe(Beijing) Urban Planning and Research Institute
Abstract:
The existing research results of Criminology show that there is a close connection between the public green space and urban crime. This research is based on the actual investigation data, according to spot investigation, CPTED theory as a guide. We found the relationship between crime rate and green coverage rate of 32 units in Chaoyang District, Beijing. Secondly, we randomly sampled 12 representative green spaces in Chaoyang District and analyzed them, according to the characteristics of space environment as 4 typical green space forms, and put forward the improvement plan of planning and design level by the environment characteristics of the crime, in order to provide reasonable suggestions for the crime prevention of urban space environment planning and design.
Key words:  urban green space  crime rate  CPTED  urban security
引用本文:殷炜达,杨娇妍,于晓慧,谢雨歆,段思嘉.北京市朝阳区绿地环境特征与犯罪率关系研究[J].风景园林,2017,24(11):105-112.
YIN Wei-da,YANG Jiao-yan,YU Xiao-hui,XIE Yu-xin,DUAN Si-jia.The Study on the Relationship Between Green Space Features and Crime Rate in Chaoyang District,Beijing[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2017, 24(11):105-112.