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风景园林理论教学思维转向与学习路径建构探索
王敏, 梁爽, 汪洁琼
同济大学
摘要:
新一轮的科技革命和产业变革以及新经济模式发展对中国工程教育的改革和发展提出了新的挑战。在新工科建设背景下,基于同济大学风景园林学研究生核心课程景观学理论的教学改革展开讨论,提出风景园林理论教学,尤其在研究生教学过程中,更应强调引领性、交融性、创新性、跨界性等多方面教学思维的转向,探索基于元思考建构学习路径的教学创新,包括:1)关注“关联拓展”,搭建基于知识结构的专业学习体系;2)关注“学以致用”,实现基于实践创新的专业学习进阶;3)关注“交叉融合”,培育基于知识元点的专业学习思辨。最后通过连续3年共97份教学问卷调研,总结梳理课程教学改革的教学成效与意见建议,提出理论教学的进一步优化策略。
关键词:  风景园林  新工科  理论教学  教学改革  教学思维  学习路径
DOI:10.14085/j.fjyl.2019.S2.0041.04
分类号:TU986
基金项目:同济大学2018—2019年研究生教育改革与研究项目子项目“风景园林研究生《景观学理论》LAT模式教学创新”(编号 0100106057/003)
Exploration on Transformation of Teaching Thought and Establishment of Learning Path in Landscape Architecture Theory
WANG Min, LIANG Shuang, WANG Jieqiong
Tongji University
Abstract:
The new round of scientific and technological revolution, industrial reform and the development of new economic model have put forward a new challenge to the reform and development of engineering education in China. In the context of new engineering construction, this paper is based on the discussion on teaching reform of the core courses of postgraduates of landscape architecture in Tongji University, and proposes that landscape architecture theory teaching, especially in the process of graduate teaching, should pay more attention to the turn of teaching thinking in the leadership, integration, renovation and inter-discipline aspects, and further explore renovation of teaching approaches and learning paths based on the philosophy of meta-thinking. They include the following aspects: 1) a focus on “relevance expansion” to build a professional learning system based on knowledge structure; 2) a focus on “learning in order to practise” to realize professional learning progress based on practice renovation; and 3) a focus on “cross-disciplinary integration” to develop professional critical thinking based on knowledge origins. Finally, this paper summarizes the teaching outcomes and suggestions based on 97 questionnaires in three consecutive years, putting forward further optimization strategies for theoretical teaching.
Key words:  landscape architecture  New Engineering Disciplines  theory teaching  teaching reform  teaching thought  learning path
引用本文:王敏,梁爽,汪洁琼.风景园林理论教学思维转向与学习路径建构探索[J].风景园林,2019,26(S2):41-44.
WANG Min,LIANG Shuang,WANG Jieqiong.Exploration on Transformation of Teaching Thought and Establishment of Learning Path in Landscape Architecture Theory[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2019, 26(S2):41-44.