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基于诗词解析的成都公园城市花木场景营建
陈明坤1, 冯黎2, 卢奕芸2, 骆小红2
1.清华大学;2.成都市公园城市建设发展研究院
摘要:
【目的】成都自古就是一座富有诗情画意的花木之城,在“自古诗人例到蜀”的历史条件下,产生了大量描写成都花木景观的诗词文本,挖掘花木诗词中的植物资源,提炼花木景观意境,对彰显成都花木诗词文化底蕴,营建具有地域特色的植物景观具有重要意义。【方法】借助文本挖掘分析软件Rost CM6,采用量化研究方法,对326首描写成都花木景观的诗词文本进行词频分析,挖掘成都历史经典花木种类,并通过语义网络分析对花木诗词中的植物景观意境进行解析。【结果】成都花木诗词文本呈现出8个类簇,可归纳为梅林花海、海棠满园、牡丹花州、锦城芙蓉、蜀柳笼堤、绿竹绕宅、桃英逐水、翠柏掩寺8类植物景观意境。在此基础上提出花木诗词景观的场景表达路径:1)加强特色花木品种应用,延续花重锦城诗意画卷;2)探索花木诗词形意表达,增强公园城市诗意氛围。【结论】提供了“花木诗词文本分析—景观意向提炼—场景表达”的完整研究思路,为公园城市植物景观场景营建提供了指引。
关键词:  风景园林  公园城市  语义分析  花木诗词  植物景观  场景营建
DOI:10.12409/j.fjyl.202303160128
分类号:TU981
基金项目:成都市公园城市建设管理局研究课题“公园城市建设文化传承实践路径研究”
Construction of Flower and Tree Scenes in Chengdu Park City Based on Poetry Analysis
CHEN Mingkun1, FENG Li2, LU Yiyun2, LUO Xiaohong2
1.Tsinghua University;2.Chengdu Park City Construction & Development Research Institute
Abstract:
[Objective] Chengdu is located in the hinterland of the western plains in Sichuan. Known as the “Land of Abundance”, Chengdu is featured by humid climate, numerous rivers and streams, and beautiful flowers and trees. In ancient times, Chengdu was famous for its lush greenery, famous trees and allseason flowers, which laid the foundation for Chengdu to become a poetic city. As described in a famous poem, many poets with important influence in history ever entered Sichuan, leaving behind many famous poems. Under this historical condition, a large number of poetic texts describing Chengdu’s plant landscape were produced, constituting an important part of the Tianfu culture. Chengdu comprehensively promotes the construction of Park City, laying out high-quality green spaces across the city, and creating a high-quality and balanced urban park system. The poetic foundation of Chengdu makes it possible to incorporate flower and tree poetry landscape scenes into the construction of Chengdu Park City. It is of great significance to deeply excavate the botanical resources in plant poems and refine the artistic conception of plant landscape to highlight the cultural heritage of Chengdu’s plant poetry and give its plant landscape more profound regional characteristics. [Methods] This research searches the Internet for relevant poetic texts using the keyword “Chengdu Poetry”, while taking the two books Chengdu Poetry Throughout the Ages and Chengdu Bamboo Branch Songs as supplementary sources. A total of about 4,000 pieces of poetic texts were collected, from which 326 pieces of poetic texts that are most closely related to Chengdu’s flowers and trees are screened. In order to form the research material for the semantic analysis of Chengdu’s flower and tree poetry landscape scenes, the research translates the collected poetic texts based on the standardized processing of entries and the supplementation of important semantic entries. By virtue of Rost CM6 (a text mining and analysis software) and quantitative research, the research conducts a word frequency analysis on poetic texts describing Chengdu’s plant landscape. Moreover, the research also adopts the semantic network analysis method to summarize the grouping characteristics of the classic flower and tree species and their corresponding environmental elements, and to analyze the artistic conception of plant landscape in plant poetry. Through the above analysis, the research summarizes the grouping characteristics of the classic flower and tree species and their corresponding environmental elements, and analyzes the connotations of plant landscape in flower and tree poetry. [Results] The results show that plum blossom, Malus spectabilis, peony, hibiscus, bamboo, willow, peach blossom, pine and cypress are most frequently perceived by the ancients, and are the most distinctive flower or tree species placed at the core of all kinds of clusters in the semantic structure map. In addition, Jinjiang River, Dufu Caotang, Huanhua Creek, Danjing Mountain, Wanli Bridge, Wuhou Temple, Qingyang Temple and Maha Pond are some of the famous attractions that appear more frequently in relevant poems. Highfrequency evaluation phrases such as bright-colored, luxuriant, fragrant, delicate, verdant, flourish, fresh and green, magnificent and lofty are proof of Chengdu’s floral splendor in ancient times. By analyzing the connections and qualities of each category, a total of 8 clusters are finally obtained, from which the research summarizes and extracts 8 kinds of plant landscape scenes: Sea of Plum Flowers, Garden Full of Malus Spectabilis, Peony Blossom State, Brocade Town Full of Hibiscus Flowers, Willows Surrounding River Bank, Green Bamboos Surrounding Dwellings, Peach Blossoms Drifting into Water, and Cypress Trees Shading Against Ancient Temples. On this basis, from the macroapplication perspective of characteristic flower and tree varieties in urban construction, and the micro-application perspective of flower and tree quotations in the spatial expression of form and meaning, the research proposes the following method for expressing poetic plant landscape scenes: 1) Strengthen the application of characteristic plant species to reproduce the vivid and poetic picture of “Blooming flowers overwhelm Jincheng”; 2) explore the expression path of plant poetry to enhance the poetic atmosphere of Park City. [Conclusion] This research provides a complete research path from the analysis and extraction of plant poem text to the expression and application of poetic plant landscape in Chengdu Park City, which may be referential for the construction of plant landscape scenes in other park cities. Due to current data limitations, this research only focuses on the construction of traditional flower and tree poetry landscape scenes, and still fails to incorporate GIS to visualize and analyze the landscape information in relevant poems. Therefore, future researches are suggested to focus on cultural heritage, and break through the limitations of historical scenery, space and sites. The research reflects deeply about how to make full use of the existing resources in combination with specific time and space conditions, thus eventually building a city-wide flower and tree landscape network system with the characteristics of Park City.
Key words:  landscape architecture  Park City  semantic analysis  flower and tree poetry  plants landscape  scene construction
引用本文:陈明坤,冯黎,卢奕芸,骆小红.基于诗词解析的成都公园城市花木场景营建[J].风景园林,2023,30(11):44-50.
CHEN Mingkun,FENG Li,LU Yiyun,LUO Xiaohong.Construction of Flower and Tree Scenes in Chengdu Park City Based on Poetry Analysis[J].Landscape Architecture Journal, 2023, 30(11):44-50.